Yearly Archives: 2021

GLOBAL HUNGER INDEX 2021

India has slipped to 101st position in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2021 of 116 countries, from its 2020 position of 94th Important points: Jointly published by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe. It was first produced in 2006. It is published every October. The 2021 edition marks the 16th edition of the GHI. To comprehensively measure and …

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POWER FINANCE CORPORATION

Recently, the government has accorded the ‘Maharatna’ status to state-owned Power Finance Corporation (PFC). An order to this effect was issued by the Department of Public Enterprises, under the Ministry of Finance. PFC has become the 11th public sector enterprise to get the ‘Maharatna’ status in the country and joins the ranks of other such companies like ONGC, Indian Oil …

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GLOBAL CLIMATE RISK INDEX 2021

The international environmental think tank ‘Germanwatch’ released the Global Climate Risk Index 2021. This is the 16th Edition of the Index. It is published annually. Germanwatch, based in Bonn and Berlin (Germany), is an independent development and environmental organisation which works for sustainable global development. Important points: The Index analyses the extent to which countries and regions have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, …

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SILICOSIS

In India, countless workers engaged in mines, construction and factories are silently dying of exposure to dust. This is better referred to as silicosis Silicosis can be described as an occupational disease or hazard due to dust exposure. It is incurable and can cause permanent disability. However, it is totally preventable by available control …

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KUNMING DECLARATION

Recently, the Kunming Declaration was adopted by over 100 countries at the ongoing 15th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity in china. The adoption of the declaration will create momentum for a new global biodiversity pact. In a previous agreement, Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, signed in Aichi, Japan, in 2010, governments agreed …

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NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE PIPELINE

Recently, the government of India has launched the ambitious Gati Shakti scheme or National Master Plan for multi-modal connectivity plan, with the aim of coordinated planning and execution of infrastructure projects to bring down logistics costs. Important points: To ensure integrated planning and implementation of infrastructure projects in the next four years, with focus on …

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‘AZAADI KA AMRIT MAHOTSAV’

Recently, as a part of the ongoing ‘Azaadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’ initiative the government of India inaugurated a training program on Indian Sandalwood Farming & Management. The programme aims at establishing Sandalwood Technology Innovation centres in the growing states, value addition in training & skill development as well as introducing new methods of cultivation …

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GLOBAL GIRLHOOD REPORT 2021

Recently, an Non-Governmental Organization (NGO), Save the Children released the Global Girlhood Report 2021: Girls Right in Crisis. It is observed annually on 11th October. It was declared by the United Nations (UN), which was first observed in 2012. A resolution to declare 11th October as the International Day of the Girl Child was adopted by the UN General …

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MASS BLACK HOLES

Scientists from Chennai Mathematical Institute and Ors. have analysed data from the LIGO-VIRGO observatories and estimated the fraction of the binary Black Hole mergers detected so far that show potential to form Intermediate-Mass Black Holes. It is the phenomenon of merging of two or more black holes. Indian scientists have already observed merger of three supermassive black holes Merging of two …

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NATIONAL MISSION ON QUANTUM TECHNOLOGIES AND APPLICATIONS

Recently, the government has inaugurated C-DOT’s (Centre for Development of Telematics) Quantum Communication Lab and unveiled the indigenously developed Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) solution. The government has also allocated USD 1 billion for the National Mission on Quantum Technologies and Applications spanning over a period of 8 years. Important points: QKD, also called Quantum Cryptography, is …

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