National Emergency in India

On June 25, 2024, India marked fifty years since the National Emergency (1975-1977), a period characterized by the suspension of civil liberties, restricted press freedom, widespread arrests, and postponed elections. The Aftermath of the National Emergency in India (1975) Political Transformation The 1977 elections saw four major opposition parties merge …

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Fakir Shah Hussain and Madho Lal

Context The story of Sufi saint Fakir Shah Hussain, who fell in love with a Brahmin boy named Madho Lal, is celebrated during Pride Month. Fakir Shah Hussain (1538-1599) Orthodox Beginnings: Initially, Hussain followed Orthodox Islam but later shifted his beliefs, viewing the world as an ephemeral playground. Union of …

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Expunction in Parliamentary Proceedings

Context The first special session of the 18th Lok Sabha concluded amid disputes regarding the removal of remarks made by Opposition leaders in both Houses of Parliament. Expunction refers to the parliamentary procedure where specific remarks are removed from the official records. Rules Governing Expunction Article 105: Grants MPs the …

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Environmental Impact of Coal

Context: India’s coal consumption has surpassed that of North America and Europe, highlighting the significant environmental impacts associated with its usage. Coal Mining: Habitat Destruction and Contamination: Coal mining devastates natural habitats and pollutes the environment, affecting humans, animals, and plants. It leaves permanent scars on the landscape. Mine Wastes: …

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India-Kenya Bilateral Relations

India and Kenya are set to enhance their bilateral collaboration in space, focusing on expanding Africa’s space capabilities to address climate change and food security challenges. A Brief History of India-Kenya Relations: Historically, India and the Swahili Coast (including modern-day Kenya, Tanzania, and parts of Mozambique) were connected by a …

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Exhibition of Shivaji Maharaj Paintings

Event: To commemorate the 350th anniversary of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj’s coronation, an exhibition featuring 115 oil paintings was organized by the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) and the National Gallery of Modern Art (NGMA). Guidance: The paintings were created under the guidance of Padma Vibhushan Babasaheb Purandare. …

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Kerala Seeks Renaming

Kerala Assembly Resolution: The Kerala Assembly has unanimously passed a resolution requesting the Centre to rename the state as “Keralam’’ in the Constitution. Constitutional Provision: Article 3: Empowers the Centre to change the name of existing states. This requires an amendment to the name of the state listed under Article …

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