Environmental Issues

Causes of climate change

Burning fossil fuels Cutting down forests Farming livestock These are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth’s temperature. This adds enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming. Global warming 2011-2020 was the warmest decade recorded, with global average …

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Reroute rail track through gibbon sanctuary

Syllabus: Environment conservation Context: Hollongapar sanctuary has become a ‘forest island’, a Wildlife Institute of India report said Primatologists have suggested rerouting a 1.65-km long railway track that has divided Hollongapar sanctuary in eastern Assam sanctuary dedicated to the western hoolock gibbon (Hoolock hoolock). Housing about 125 hoolock gibbons, India’s …

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Japan releases water from Fukushima plant

Environmental conservation Context: Japan began releasing wastewater from the Fukushima nuclear plant into the Pacific Ocean. A big step in decommissioning the still highly dangerous site 12 years after one of the world’s worst nuclear accidents. Japan has repeatedly insisted the wastewater is treated and will be harmless backed by …

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. Himalayan States Environmental concerns vs development

Syllabus: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Context The occurrence of recent disasters such as landslides, rains, cloudbursts, and the subsidence in Joshimath in the Himalayan States has highlighted the imperative of prioritising environmental preservation over development. The Himalayan mountain ranges extend from the western region of Afghanistan …

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How to make Urea more efficient as a fertilizer

TOPICS COVERED: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Context: Recently, Prime Minister of India officially launched ‘Urea Gold’ fertiliser. What are fertilisers? Any material of natural or synthetic origin mixed with soil or apply to plant tissues to provide plant nutrients is fertiliser. Some of the fertilisers are urea, Di-ammonium phosphate(DAP) and Muriate of Potash. About Urea …

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Improving the habitat key to increasing their numbers of Tiger

Syllabus: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. What does Census Says The Wildlife Institute of India and the National Tiger Conservation Authority, who are responsible for the quadrennial ‘tiger census’ reports, recently updated their estimates for the animal’s numbers. Madhya Pradesh, for the second time in eight years, …

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Nasal turbinates and thermoregulation (Hypothesis)

Syllabus: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. The nasal cavity of warm-blooded animals houses a complex scroll-like structure made of thin bony plates called the nasal, or respiratory, turbinate. Nasal turbinates are found only in warm-blooded creatures. They are responsible for regulating heat and moisture exchange during respiration. …

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Context: A recent publication by the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) points out that about 5% of birds found in the country are endemic and are not reported in other parts of the world. The publication, titled 75 Endemic Birds of India, was recently released on the 108th foundation day of the ZSI. Birds in …

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Forest (Conservation) Act

The Bill to amend the Forest (Conservation) Act cleared the Lok Sabha recently. The FC Act, 1980 The Forest (Conservation) Act of 1980 introduced the limitation on using forests for non-forest activities. Aims: To protect the flora, fauna, and other ecological components. To protect the integrity, individuality, and territory of the forests. To replenish forests by planting more trees. To prevent the conversion …

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