EXERCISE SEA DRAGON 23

  • A P8I aircraft of the Indian Navy arrived at Guam, USA on 14 Mar 23 to participate in ‘Exercise Sea Dragon 23’.
  • This exercise is an annual, multi-national high-end anti-submarine warfare (ASW) training exercise of the navies of participant countries.
  • It is hosted by the USA.

Participants:

  1. USA
  2. India
  3. Japan
  4. Canada
  5. Republic of Korea

 Aim:

The Exercise aims to achieve high levels of synergy and coordination between the friendly navies, which is based on their shared values and commitment to an open, inclusive Indo-Pacific.

Zoji La Pass and Razdan Pass

Border Roads Organisation opens strategic Zoji La Pass and Razdan Pass.

Zoji La Pass:

  • Zoji La is a high mountain pass at an elevation of located on the boundary of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh in the Kargil district.
  • NH1 (National Highway 1) between Srinagar and Leh traverses the pass.
  • An all-weather Zoji-la Tunnel is under construction which will provide all weather connectivity to Ladakh.

Razdan pass:

  • Razdan Pass is located in the Himalayas of Jammu and Kashmir in the Bandipora district.
  • It connects the Gurez Valley in the north to the Kashmir Valley in the south.
  • and is located in the Bandipora district.
  • The pass is the only route connecting Gurez with the rest of the world.
  • The Harmukh mountain, the highest peak in the surrounding area.
The Border Roads Organisation

·        The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) is a road construction executive force that is a part of the Indian Armed Forces.

·        BRO develops and maintains road networks in India’s border areas and friendly neighboring countries.

·        The organisation’s operations are spread across India, Bhutan, Myanmar, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan and Sri  Lanka.

·        This includes infrastructure operations in 19 states and three union territories (including Andaman and Nicobar Islands).

·        The BRO was formed in 1960 to secure India’s borders and develop infrastructure in remote areas of the north and north-east states.

The BRO consists of:

·        Border Roads Wing under the Ministry of Defense and

·        The General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF).

·        Officers are selected through the Indian Engineering Services (IES) Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

·        Few officers are also deputed from Indian Army Corps of Engineers.

·        They are subjected to all provisions of the Army Act, 1950 and Army Rules, 1954 except a few exceptions.

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