• India and Egypt agreed on Wednesday to elevate their bilateral ties to a ‘strategic partnership’ that covers political, security, defence, energy and economic linkages.
  • Welcoming Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, who will be the chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations on Thursday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said the abuse of cyberspace by extremist forces was a “growing threat”, and that both sides agreed to intensify cooperation in this regard.
  • The two sides also discussed “platforms and equipment” to enhance defence partnership.
  • “India has invited Egypt as a special guest for the G-20 summit, which shows our special friendship. We have decided that under the India-Egypt strategic partnership, we will create a long-term structure of cooperation on political, security, economic and scientific areas,” he said.
  • He added that the scope for cooperation in Indo-Egypt relations, especially in the fields of defence and security, was “unlimited”.
  • Modi argued that “despite global changes”, the India-Egypt relation had stayed on track and defence partnership between the two countries would help stabilise the region around the Arabian Sea.
  • External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar, who visited Cairo in October 2022, called on the visiting Egyptian leader and said the exchange “adds a new vigour” to the bilateral friendship.
  • In his remarks, President El Sisi said the relations between the two civilisations date back to antiquity, and said that Egypt wishes to welcome more Indian tourists.
  • The two teams signed five memorandums of understanding (MoU) covering culture, cooperation on youth matters, cybersecurity, information and technology, and public broadcasting. The two delegations launched a commemorative stamp to mark the 75th anniversary of bilateral diplomatic relation.
  • “I have requested Prime Minister Modi to create permanent channels to enhance digital connections between small and medium-scale industries, and that will help in improving life of common people. Defence cooperation was part of today’s discussion and our joint military exercise is an example of that cooperation.
  • Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra said the two sides took up sub-elements of defence cooperation like “defence training, defence exercises, cooperation both in the fields of platforms and equipment and industrial partnerships between the two countries to forge a stronger base for defence partnership”.


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