7.REPORT ON FAECAL SLUDGE AND SEPTAGE MANAGEMENT IN URBAN AREAS
NITI Aayog releases Report on Faecal Sludge and Septage Management in Urban Areas: Service and Business Models.
- The NITI Aayog released a book on faecal sludge and septage management in urban areas.
- The book was jointly developed by the NITI Aayog and the National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (NFSSM) Alliance.
- The book presents 27 case studies across 10 states and various service and business models adopted by Indian cities while implementing faecal sludge and septage management (FSSM) initiatives.
- It provides a repository of FSSM best practices that can be adapted and replicated appropriately across the country.
- Considering the importance of FSSM solutions, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs came up with the national policy on FSSM in 2017.
- The policy has been rigorously pursued across the country—more than 24 states have adopted it and 12 of them have come up with their own policies.
- The report mentions that about 60% of urban households rely on onsite sanitation systems, which require dedicated planning for the management of waste collected in these systems’ containment structures.
- Accordingly, FSSM planning prioritizes human excreta management, a waste stream with a high potential for spreading diseases.
- The planning strategies entail emptying, transportation, treatment, and safe disposal of waste and possible reuse of output products post-treatment.
- It is a low-cost and easily scalable sanitation solution.
- Many Indian cities have come up with exemplary FSSM planning models, with optimal private-sector participation and greater mechanization of operations.
- Safe sanitation is a strong contributor to both public health and environmental sustainability and needs focused attention, especially the safe and complete treatment of all human waste.
- The models captured in this report will help other states and cities replicate and scale them up to achieve 100% effective management of India’s faecal sludge and septage in the next five years.
- This report is intended for city managers, municipal functionaries, elected representatives, state decision-makers, CSOs and private-sector players to understand the developments in FSSM and the opportunities it presents.