Karnataka most innovative State, says NITI Aayog

Karnataka has been ranked as the most innovative State in the NITI Aayog’s India Innovation Index 2019, released on Thursday. Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Telangana, Haryana, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh follow in the rankings of the 10 major States, in that order. “The study examines the innovation ecosystem of Indian States and Union Territories,” NITI Aayog said in a press release. “The aim is to create a holistic tool which can be used by policymakers across the country to identify the challenges to be addressed and strengths to build on when designing the economic growth policies for their regions.” Three categories The States have been bifurcated into three categories: major States, north-east, and hill States, and Union Territories/city States/small States. Sikkim topped the rankings for the northeast and hill States, while Delhi topped the Union Territories/city States/small States category. The India Innovation Index 2019 ranking is based on the average of the scores on two dimensions — Enablers and Performance. “The Enablers are the factors that underpin innovative capacities, grouped in five pillars: (1) Human Capital, (2) Investment, (3) Knowledge Workers, (4) Business Environment, and (5) Safety and Legal Environment,” the Niti Aayog said. “The Performance dimension captures benefits that a nation derives from the inputs, divided in two pillars: (6) Knowledge Output and (7) Knowledge Diffusion.” While Karnataka’s top rank is largely on account of its top ranking in the Performance dimension, it ranked third in the Enablers dimension. Maharashtra topped the Enabler dimension. The index also pointed to a geographic divide in the country when it comes to innovation. “The index shows that the innovation ecosystem of the country is strong in south and western parts of India,” the Niti Aayog said. “In fact, three of the top five major States are from southern India. Delhi and Haryana seem to be an exception to this rule and seem to be doing well on the Index. Thus, there seems to be a west-south and north-east divide across the country.”

Source : https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/karnataka-most-innovative-state-says-niti-aayog/article29730502.ece

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