National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP)

Unlocking Value in Infrastructure

The NMP is a government initiative launched in the 2021-22 Union Budget to leverage private sector expertise for infrastructure development. It focuses on monetizing core government assets (roads, railways, power) through partnerships, not privatization (ownership transfer).

Goals and Benefits:

  • Generate Rs 6 lakh crore over four years (2022-25) for new greenfield projects.
  • Ease government financial burden and free up resources for social sectors.
  • Promote public-private partnerships for risk sharing and efficiency improvements.
  • Enhance operational efficiency through private sector involvement.
  • Enable asset recycling, allowing the government to focus on policy and regulation.
  • Improve the efficiency of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).

Key Features:

  • Targets brownfield assets with de-risked execution risks and stable revenue streams.
  • Monetizes “rights” to use assets, not ownership. Assets revert to the government after the concession period.
  • Utilizes various models like direct contracts and Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs).
  • Focuses on top sectors: Roads, Railways, Power, Oil & Gas Pipelines, and Telecom.
  • Implemented by a Core Group of Secretaries under the Cabinet Secretary.


  • Identifying reliable revenue streams for some assets.
  • Balancing government ownership with private sector autonomy to avoid undue interference.
  • Lack of independent regulators in certain sectors.
  • Asset-specific issues like low utilization or regulated pricing.
  • Potential for price hikes for end users and market monopolies.

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