- ‘One China’ for China basically refer to the principle that it is one country, composing mainland China and the island of Taiwan.
- It is the diplomatic acknowledgement of China’s position that there is only one Chinese government.
- Under the policy, the US recognises and has formal ties with China rather than the island of Taiwan.
- The One China policy is a key cornerstone of Sino-US relations.
Distinction with One China Principle:
- It is distinct from the One China principle, whereby China insists Taiwan is an inalienable part of one China to be reunified one day.
- Washington maintains a robust unofficial relationship with Taiwan, under the One China Policy, including continued arms sales to the island so that it can defend itself.
- Under the principle, the China is opposed to the idea of Taiwanese independence in any form or shape.
Only 13 countries recognise Taiwan now:
Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Tuvalu, Eswatini, Vatican City, Belize, Guatemala, Haiti, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB