• ‘One China’ for China basically refer to the principle that it is one country, composing mainland China and the island of Taiwan.
  • It is the diplomatic acknowledgement of China’s position that there is only one Chinese government.
  • Under the policy, the US recognises and has formal ties with China rather than the island of Taiwan.
  • The One China policy is a key cornerstone of Sino-US relations.

Distinction with One China Principle:

  • It is distinct from the One China principle, whereby China insists Taiwan is an inalienable part of one China to be reunified one day.
  • Washington maintains a robust unofficial relationship with Taiwan, under the One China Policy, including continued arms sales to the island so that it can defend itself.
  • Under the principle, the China is opposed to the idea of Taiwanese independence in any form or shape.

Only 13 countries recognise Taiwan now:

Marshall Islands, Nauru, Palau, Tuvalu, Eswatini, Vatican City, Belize, Guatemala, Haiti, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.


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