Rearing and Maintenance of Milch Animals under White Revolution

Syllabus: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

Context

The Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying is implementing Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM) for development and conservation of indigenous breeds, genetic upgradation of bovine population and enhancement of milk production and productivity of bovines in the country since 2014.

The following key measures have been taken to boost milk production and income of cattle rearers under RGM:

  1. Nationwide Artificial Insemination Programme for extension of Artificial Insemination coverage.
  2. Progeny testing and pedigree selection for production of high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds.
  • Establishment of Breed Multiplication Farms preferably of indigenous breeds.
  1. Promotion of In-vitro Fertilization (IVF) technology for faster genetic upgradation of indigenous breeds.
  2. Implementation of genomic selection using genomic chip.
  3. Sex sorted semen production for indigenous breeds.

Funds have been released to the States for establishment of 16 Gokul and 2 National Kamdhenu Breeding Centres.

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