The Congress has formed the government in Madhya Pradesh with the help of the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party. In the new Assembly, there are only two Muslim MLAs, both from the Congress. From 1952 to 2018, on average, only 1% and 2.3% of Muslims were elected and nominated in the Assembly, respectively. In a State where Muslims are 6.6% of the population, this is a dismal number.According to Madhya Pradesh’s post-poll survey data on Muslim voters’ opinions (Lokniti-CSDS 2018), around 51% of Muslims voted for the Congress, and 15% for the BJP. Even though the BJP lost the election, 32% of Muslims said they preferred Shivraj Singh Chouhan as Chief Minister, while 36% said they preferred Jyotiraditya Scindia and 19% said they preferred Kamal Nath. The preference of Muslims for Mr. Chouhan was always higher than for his party, current and past surveys of CSDS-Lokniti suggest.