• Recently, the Attorney-General of India articulated that the 10% quota for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) of society does now no longer erode the rights of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes or the Other Backward Classes.Doesn’t Harm Quota of Other Classes:
  • The EWS quota changed into given independently of the already present 50% reservation granted for the backward lessons, that is, the scheduled groups and the OBCs.
  • The Attorney popular rejected arguments through petitioners that the exclusion of backward lessons from the EWS quota amounted to discrimination, as they were loaded with advantages through manner of affirmative actions.
  • For example, the contributors of the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe groups were given numerous advantages beneathneath the Constitution, such as
  1. Article 16(4)(a) (unique provision for promotion),
  2. Article 243D (reservation in panchayat and municipality seats),
  3. Article 330 (reservation withinside the Lok Sabha) and
  4. Article 332 (reservation in kingdom legislative assemblies).

Necessary to Uplift the Weaker Section: 

  • The reservation for the backward lessons, and now the EWS quota, ought to be taken into consideration through the courtroom docket as “one unmarried method of the kingdom supposed for the upliftment of the weaker sections of the society”.
  • Altogether 18.2% of the overall populace withinside the popular class belonged to EWS and stated the Multi-dimensional Poverty Index utilized by the NitiAyog, which might be approximately 350 million (3.five crores) of the populace.

Confer the Constitution:

 The reservation for OBCs, SCs and STs fall beneathneath exclusive silos apart from the EWS quota and it does now no longer violate the simple shape of the


  • As according to the written submissions submitted through authorities stated how the pinnacle courtroom docket had stood through the validity of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009.
  • The courtroom docket had held that the 2009 Act seeks to dispose of all barriers, such as  monetary and mental barriers which a baby belonging to the weaker segment and deprived organization has to stand at the same time as looking for admission and consequently upheld it beneathneath
  • Article 21 of the Constitution.Economically Weaker Section (EWS) Quota
  • The 10% EWS quota changed into delivered beneathneath the 103rd Constitution (Amendment) Act, 2019 through amending Articles 15 and 16.
  • It inserted Article 15 (6) and Article 16 (6).
  • It is for financial reservation in jobs and admissions in instructional institutes for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS).
  • It changed into enacted to sell the welfare of the bad now no longer protected through the 50% reservation coverage for Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs) and Socially and Educationally Backward Classes (SEBC).
  • It allows each the Centre and the States to offer reservations to the EWS of society.


  • The 10% quota is progressive and could deal with the troubles of instructional and earnings inequality in India
  • seeing that the economically weaker sections of citizens have remained excluded from attending better instructional establishments and public employment because of their monetary incapacity.
  • There are many human beings or lessons apart from backward lessons who are dwelling beneath neath starvation and poverty-troubled conditions.
  • The proposed reservation via a constitutional modification might supply constitutional reputation to the bad from the higher castes.
  • Moreover, it will progressively dispose of the stigma related to reservation due to the fact reservation has traditionally been associated with caste and most customarily the higher caste appears down upon folks that come via the reservation.


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