Recently, The Prime Minister has paid tributes to Acharya Kripalani on his Birth Anniversary (11th November).
- He was born on 11th November 1888 in Hyderabad, Sindh.
- His original name was Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani but was popularly known as Acharya Kripalani. He was an independence activist, Indian politician and an Educationist.
- From 1912 to 1927, he taught at various places before becoming wholly involved in the freedom movement.
- He earned the moniker ‘Acharya’ around 1922 when he was teaching at the Gujarat Vidyapith, founded by the Mahatma a couple of years before.
- He, along with Vinoba Bhave, was involved in preservation and conservation activities throughout the 1970s.
- He was part of the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-22) and the Civil Disobedience movements (started in 1930) and Quit India Movement (1942).
- He was the President of Indian National Congress (INC) at the time of independence. He served in the Interim government of India (1946–1947) and the Constituent Assembly of India.
- He became one of the founders of the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party (KMPP) after independence leaving congress.
- He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952, 1957, 1963 and 1967 as a member of Praja Socialist Party.
- He moved the first-ever No confidence motion in Lok Sabha in 1963, immediately after the India-China War (1962).
- In 1963, Sucheta Kripalani, a Congress leader became the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, a first for any woman in the country while her husband Acharya remained an opponent to the Congress.
- He was a critic of Nehru’s policies and Indira Gandhi’s rule. He was arrested during Emergency (1975).
- My Times, his autobiography published posthumously in 2004.
SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT