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A LUNI-SOLAR CALENDAR

Recently, the Assam Government has announced that Bhaskarabda, a Luni-Solar Calendar will be used as an official calendar. Presently, the official calendar of Assam government makes use of the Saka calendar and the Gregorian calendar. However, the Bhaskarabda calendar will also be used from now onwards. Important points: Bhaskarabda, an era counted from the date …

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AFRICAN RARE GLACIERS

Recently, a report from the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) stated that Africa’s rare glaciers will disappear in the next two decades due to climate change. Their current retreat rates are higher than the global average. If this continues, it will lead to total de-glaciation by the 2040s. WMO is one of the specialized agencies …

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LUKHA RIVER

Recently, the Meghalaya Government has claimed that a detoxing pilot project has brought the Lukha river back from the dead. Important points: The Lukha River was considered toxic beyond redemption a decade ago owing to contamination due to acid mine drainage and run-off from the coal mines Phytoremediation method was used to detoxify the river, where Algae was used …

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GANDHI JAYANTI

2nd October, 2021 marked the 152nd birth annivaersary of Mahatma Gandhi. India also pays tribute to Lal Bahadur Shastri on the same day every year. Important points: Birth- 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar (Gujarat) Lawyer, politician, social activist, and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India. In South Africa …

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ENVIRONMENTAL SEISMOLOGY

The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research -National Geophysical Research Institute (CSIR-NGRI) has launched an ‘Environmental Seismology’ group to develop a ‘Landslide and Flood Early Warning System’ for the Himalayan region. The scientists at the NGRI in collaboration with German scientists at GFZ, Potsdam have launched this system. Important points: It will be based on real-time monitoring with dense …

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OSOWOG AT THE UPCOMING CONFERENCE OF PARTIES (COP26).

One Sun, One World, One Grid (OSOWOG)India and the UK are likely to announce a joint declaration on “one sun, one world, one grid” — or OSOWOG at the upcoming Conference of Parties (COP26). The UN Climate Change Conference, or COP26, is scheduled to be held between 31st October and 12th November in Scotland. The concept of OSOWOG is what …

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GULAB CYCLONE

Recently, Cyclone Gulab made landfall on India’s east coast and weakened into a depression. Another cyclone–Shaheen–may form over the Arabian Sea from the remnant of cyclone Gulab. Important points: Gulab was a tropical cyclone and was named by Pakistan. It affected the coasts of south Odisha north Andhra Pradesh. According to WMO (World Meteorological Organization) guidelines, countries in …

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ARTEFACTS AND ANTIQUITIES LORD NATARAJ

Recently, as many as 157 artefacts and antiquities were handed over to the Prime Minister by the United States including a bronze Nataraj figure. The list has a diverse set of items bas-relief panel of Revanta in sandstone made in the 10th century, 56 terracotta pieces, several bronze figurines and copper objects, among others which mainly belong to 11th and 14th centuries. It also includes an 18th-century …

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UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE SITES

Recently, steep stairways and wooden ramps among other changes have been brought at the World Heritage Site of Qutub Minar that will make the place accessible for disabled and the elderly. Humayun’s Tomb (1993) and Red Fort Complex (2007) are other world heritage monuments in Delhi. Important points: It is a five-storeyed red sandstone tower (72.5 m high) built by …

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CUMBRE VIEJA VOLCANO

Recently, the Cumbre Vieja volcano in La Palma, one of Spain’s Canary Islands, erupted. Important points: The Cumbre Vieja volcano erupted for the first time in 50 years. The last time hot molten lava erupted and spread was in 1971. La Palma is the most north-westerly island of the Canary Islands, Spain. It’s geography …

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