• Unity is meaningless without the accompaniment of women. Education is fruitless without educated women and agitation is incomplete without the strength of women.
  • This quote is given by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar.
  • Unity is meaningless without the accompaniment of women.
  • Here unity is stressed as an aspirational ideal.
  • But the role of women is also highlighted, to add that unity cannot be exclusionary of women in society, and they must be thought of when we discuss solidarity and togetherness.
  • Education is fruitless without educated women.
  • At the time of independence, women in India had limited access to education.
  • But even as of the 2011 Census, there was a significant gap in terms of gender, as the literacy rate stood at 82.14 per cent for males and 65.46 per cent for females.
  • The rate for India was, therefore, 74 per cent.
  • Educated parents help in turn nurture educated, healthy kids.
  • Among the key findings of the NGO Pratham’s Annual Status of Education Report in rural areas, 2019 was that the mother’s education often determines the kind of pre-schooling or schooling that the child gets.
  • Finally, the quote mentions that agitation is incomplete without women.
  • Agitation refers to protests or people-led movements, and women have been part of important protests in history.
  • Some of the first women-led protests took place in Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the 19th Century, when women from the Nadar caste, an OBC community, demanded to be allowed to cloth the upper part of their body, an act then limited to upper caste women.
  • It marked an important step forward not only for women but also for other marginalised groups’ right to protest against unequal laws.

Ambedkar and women’s rights

  • Ambedkar’s greatest contribution, apart from the Constitution, was the Hindu Code Bill.
  • It offered women the right to marry by choice and across caste boundaries, give them the right to divorce, and the right to inherit property.
  • He resigned when the Bill was stalled by orthodox religious groups but it became the law in the form of the Hindu Marriage Act, Hindu Succession Act, etc.
  • He also noted that the Workmen’s Compensation Act could not leave out women workers.
  • It is in the interests of the nation that the mother ought to get a certain amount of rest during the pre-natal period.


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