• Caracal, which was used by India’s nobility in the sport of coursing like the cheetah, is struggling to survive, although both species had a similar distribution in the past.
  • Scientific Name: Caracal CaracalSchmitzi
  • The Asiatic caracal is a medium-sized and locally threatened cat species, which has been widely reported to be on the brink of extinction in India.
  • It is also known by its persian name Siyahgosh or ‘black ears’.


  • They are found mostly in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh and are located in Kutch, the Malwa Plateau, the Aravalli hill range
  • Besides India, the caracal is found in several dozen countries across Africa, the Middle East, Central and South Asia.
  • It occurs in semi-deserts, steppes, savannah, scrubland, dry forest and moist woodland or evergreen forest.
  • It prefers open terrain and drier, scrubby, arid habitats and needs cover.
  • Large-scale hunting, illegal trading and loss of natural habitats are considered significant threats to the species.

Protection Status:

  1. IUCN Red List: Least Concern
  2. Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
  3. CITES: Appendix I

Conservation Initiatives:

In 2021, the National Board for Wildlife and the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change included Caracal in the list of Critically Endangered species under critically endangered species recovery programme.


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