• In the coming days, India will be hosting the ‘Delhi Regional Security Dialogue on Afghanistan’.
  • The meeting will be held at the level of National Security Advisors (NSAs) and will be chaired by India’s NSA Ajit Doval.

Important points:

  • India’s top security establishment, the National Security Council Secretariat, has taken the lead in organising the in-person meeting.
  • Invitations were sent to Afghanistan’s neighbours such as Pakistan, Iran, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, and other key players including Russia, and China.
  • After the withdrawal of US forces and the Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan, India is concerned about security in the region.
  • In this context, India has taken this initiative to organise a conference of regional stakeholders and important powers on the country’s current situation and future outlook.
  • This meeting could be India’s attempt to secure for itself a seat at the table to decide the future course of action on Afghanistan.
  • The meeting also reflects the need to actively engage with the world to protect India’s security interests.
  • The Central Asian countries, as well as Russia and Iran, have confirmed participation.
  • The enthusiastic response is a manifestation of the importance attached to India’s role in regional efforts to promote peace and security in Afghanistan.
  • Pakistan’s National Security Advisor has held that he would not attend the meeting.
  • China has also decided to skip a regional security meeting due to scheduling difficulties, but is open to maintaining discussions with India through bilateral channels.
  • India is of the view that the denial by Pakistan to attend this meeting reflects its mindset of viewing Afghanistan as its protectorate.

National Security Council Secretariat

  • India formed a National Security Council (NSC) in 1999, where all aspects of national security are deliberated upon by it.
  • NSC acts as the apex body, headed by the Prime Minister.
  • NSC comprises the three-tier structure- Strategic Policy Group (SPG), the National Security Advisory Board (NSAB) and the National Security Council Secretariat.
  • The Ministers of Home Affairs, Defence, External Affairs and Finance are its members and the National Security Adviser acts as its Secretary.


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