According to the recently released Global Nutrition Report (GNR, 2021), India has made no progress on anaemia and childhood wasting.
- At the current rate of progress, the global nutrition targets will not be achieved by 2025 globally and in most countries worldwide.
- There is substantial variation in data availability and progress towards the global nutrition targets across 194 countries.
- Only seven countries are on track to meet four of the six maternal, infant and young child nutrition targets by 2025, while no country is ‘on track’ to halt the rise in adult obesity or achieve a 30% relative reduction in salt/sodium intake.
- The Covid-19 pandemic is impeding progress towards achieving the global nutrition targets.
- An estimated additional 155 million people have been pushed into extreme poverty globally, while people with diet-related chronic diseases experience worse Covid-19 outcomes.
- The previous decade has seen little progress in improving diets, and a quarter of all deaths among adults are attributable to poor diets.
- Food production currently generates more than a third of all greenhouse gas emissions globally, and uses substantial and rising amounts of environmental resources.
- No region is on track to meet the Sustainable Development Goals aimed at limiting health and environmental burdens related to diets and the food system.
Global Nutrition Report
- It was conceived following the first Nutrition for Growth Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013.
- The first report was published in 2014.
- It acts as a report card on the world’s nutrition—globally, regionally, and country by country—and on efforts to improve it.
- It is a multi-stakeholder initiative, consisting of a Stakeholder Group, Independent Expert Group and Report Secretariat.
SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT