• India recorded the second highest number of attacks on defenders protesting harmful business practices in 2022, according to a new report.
  • The report is prepared by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre (BHRRC), an international non-profit.
  • India saw 54 such incidents of attacks, which is lower only than Brazil’s record of 63.
  • India’s Jindal Steel Ltd (JSW) was also among the companies associated with the highest number of attacks.
  • Globally as much as 75 per cent of the attacks were against climate, land and environmental defenders.
  • Over 23 per cent of attacks were against Indigenous defenders, who are protecting over 80 per cent of the world’s remaining biodiversity.
  • Mining has remained the most dangerous sector for defenders, with 30 per cent of all the attacks in 2022 being linked to it.
  • Judicial harassment, which include arbitrary arrest, unfair trial and strategic lawsuits against public participation, was the most common form of attack against protesters across the world.
  • Nearly a quarter of the attacks were against women who challenged both corporate power and patriarchal gender norms.

Measures suggested:

States should pass and implement legislation recognising the right to defend rights and the vital role of defenders, both individual and collective, in promoting human rights, sustainable development, and a healthy environment and committing to zero-tolerance for attacks.


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