- India recorded the second highest number of attacks on defenders protesting harmful business practices in 2022, according to a new report.
- The report is prepared by Business & Human Rights Resource Centre (BHRRC), an international non-profit.
- India saw 54 such incidents of attacks, which is lower only than Brazil’s record of 63.
- India’s Jindal Steel Ltd (JSW) was also among the companies associated with the highest number of attacks.
- Globally as much as 75 per cent of the attacks were against climate, land and environmental defenders.
- Over 23 per cent of attacks were against Indigenous defenders, who are protecting over 80 per cent of the world’s remaining biodiversity.
- Mining has remained the most dangerous sector for defenders, with 30 per cent of all the attacks in 2022 being linked to it.
- Judicial harassment, which include arbitrary arrest, unfair trial and strategic lawsuits against public participation, was the most common form of attack against protesters across the world.
- Nearly a quarter of the attacks were against women who challenged both corporate power and patriarchal gender norms.
States should pass and implement legislation recognising the right to defend rights and the vital role of defenders, both individual and collective, in promoting human rights, sustainable development, and a healthy environment and committing to zero-tolerance for attacks.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB