• The Khooni Darwaza is a key piece of the India’s history, as it has witnessed the events of the revolts of 1857. It was built by Sher Shah in the 16th century.
  • Ronald Vivian Smith in his book ‘Delhi: Unknown Tales of a City’ has mentioned “Lal Darwaza” built by Sher Shah in his new city of Delhi.
  • The Lal Darwaza is now called ‘Khooni Darwaza’ and is said to have got its name after Bahadur Shah Zafar’s sons and grandson were shot dead there by Lt. Hudson in 1857


  • The architecture of Khooni Darwaza is a blend of Mughal and Afghan styles.
  • It is a three-storeyed gate made of quartzite stone.
  • It has three arched entrances, with the central one being the largest.
  • The structure is around 50 feet in height and has a large courtyard in front, which historians believed was used as a public gathering space in the past.
  • Sher Shah also built the Quila Khuna Masjid, within the boundaries of the Old Fort, which was repaired by Lord Curzon. The mosque is a gem of an example of Afghan architecture.
  • Sher Shah’s architecture technique is said to have been followed by Akbar when he constructed several buildings of the same style in Agra.


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