• Recently, the Commonwealth members have agreed to voluntarily dedicate ‘living land’ in their respective countries to future generations, in line with the strategy set for the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.
  • The ‘Living land’ charter was announced at the conclusion of the 2022 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Kigali (Rwanda).

United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration

  • The United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration runs from 2021 to 2030.
  • Its purpose is to promote the United Nation’s environmental goals.
  • Specifically, to facilitate global cooperation for the restoration of degraded and destroyed ecosystems.
  • It calls for protection and revival of ecosystems across the world.

Living Land Charter

  • The non-binding ‘Living Lands Charter’ mandates that member countries will safeguard global land resources and arrest land degradation while acting against climate change, biodiversity loss and towards sustainable management.
  • The Living Lands Charter helps to encapsulate the combined effort to hold the global average temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  • The charter aims to achieve climate goals through a mixture of policy influence, financing, technical assistance, governance and sharing knowledge across nations.
  • Commonwealth governments have been asked to submit their emission reduction targets by 23rd September, 2022. 

Highlights of the CHOGM 2022

  • The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting is a biennial summit meeting of the heads of government from all Commonwealth nations.
  • CHOGM2022 was taken place in Rwanda, with theme: ‘Delivering a Common Future: Connecting, Innovating, Transforming.’
  • It has raised more than USD 4 billion in pledges for the battle against malariaand other tropical diseases.
  • There have been 24 CHOGMs since 1971, with the most recent one taking place in the United Kingdom (UK) in 2018.


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