MAULANA ABUL KALAM AZAD

  • Born on 11 November 1888 and died on 22 February 1958.
  • He was senior Muslim leader of Indian National Congress during Indian independence movement.
  • He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad (word Maulana is honorific meaning ‘Our Master’) and he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen name.
  • He was first Minister of Education of Independent India.
  • He had played important role in foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia at Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh.
  • He assisted in shifting campus of university from Aligarh to New Delhi in 1934.

Freedom Movement

  • During his young age, he rose to prominence through his work as journalist, publishing works critical of British Raj and espousing causes of Indian nationalism.
  • He became leader of Khilafat Movement, during which he came into close contact with Mahatma Gandhi.
  • He later became enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi’s ideas of non-violent civil disobedience and worked to organise the non-co-operation movement in protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Act.
  • He was committed to Gandhi’s ideals, including promoting Swadeshi (indigenous) products and cause of Swaraj (Self-rule) for India.
  • In 1923, at age of 35, he became youngest person to serve as President of Indian National Congress.
  • He was one of main organizers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931 and emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism.
  • He served as Congress president from 1940 to 1945, during which Quit India rebellion was launched.
  • He also worked for Hindu-Muslim unity through the Al-Hilal newspaper.

SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB

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