• Recently, the Union Home and Cooperation Minister addressed the First convocation of National Forensic Science University (NFSU).
  • It was established by the Government of India in 2020 with the objective of fulfilling the acute shortage against the increasing demand for forensic experts in the country and around the world.
  • The National Forensic Sciences University, with the status of an Institution of National Importance, is the world’s first and only University dedicated to Forensic, behavioral, cybersecurity, digital forensics, and allied Sciences.
  • Apart from Gujarat, its campuses have been opened in Bhopal, Goa, Tripura, Manipur and Guwahati


  • To fulfill the acute shortage of Forensic Experts in the Country and the World.
  • To make the World a Better and Safer place to live.
  • To carry out Research in the area of Forensic Science, Crime Investigation, Security, Behavioral Science and Criminology.

Forensic Science

  • Forensic science is the use of scientific methods or expertise to investigate crimes or examine evidence that might be presented in a court of law.
  • Forensic science comprises a diverse array of disciplines, from fingerprintand DNA analysis to anthropology and wildlife forensics.
  • Forensic science is a critical element of the criminal justice system.
  • Forensic scientists examine and analyze evidence from crime scenes and elsewhere to develop objective findings that can assist in the investigation and prosecution of perpetrators of crime or absolve an innocent person from suspicion.

Forensic Science in India:

  • The first Central Fingerprint Bureau of India was established in Kolkata in India in the year 1897 which became functional in 1904.
  • An advanced Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics (CDFD) has been established in Hyderabad under the Department of Biotechnology.
  • The DNA Profiling in criminal cases such as homicide, suicide, sexual assaults, terrorists’ activities, wildlife forensics, and other crime cases is now continuing in various Police departments, Forensic institutions, Wildlife departments for Human and Animal identification from the biological fluids and the tissue materials.
  • India has over 80 universities and colleges including National Forensic Science University at Gandhinagar, Gujarat, and RashtriyaRaksha University at Lavad, Gandhinagar where the School of Forensic Science & Risk Management is also imparting teaching, research, and training to the students, Police and Paramilitary forces for security purposes.



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