- Recently, Ministry of Women and Child Development has issued Operational Guidelines regarding implementation of SakshamAnganwadi and Poshan 2.0.
- It will also promote Aadhaar seeding of beneficiaries to ensure last-mile tracking of take-home rations and tracking of migration of pregnant women and lactating mothers.
- In Financial Year (FY) 2021-22, the Government of India (GoI) restructured the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) and POSHAN (Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment) Abhiyaan into SakshamAnganwadi and POSHAN 2.0
The restructured scheme consists of the following sub-schemes:
- POSHAN Abhiyaan
- Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG)
- National Creche Scheme
- Poshan 2.0 is an ongoing Centrally-sponsored programme being implemented through the State Governments/ UT administrations based on a cost sharing ratio between the Central Government and the State Government.
- It seeks to address the challenging situation of malnutrition among children up to the age of 6 years, adolescent girls (14-18 years) and pregnant and lactating women.
- It is crucial for India’s development as women and children comprise over two thirds of India’s population.
- The achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals lies at the fore-front of this programme design.
- It shall contribute to the SDGs, specifically, SDG 2 on Zero Hunger and SDG 4 on Quality Education.
- The Mission will focus on the fundamental importance of nutrition and early childhood care and education for the well-being, growth and development of children into healthy and productive adults.
- To prepare a comprehensive strategy to address the challenge of malnutrition, the Supplementary Nutrition Programme under Anganwadi Services.
- Scheme for Adolescent Girls and PoshanAbhiyaan have been aligned under Poshan 2.0 as an Integrated Nutrition Support Programme.
The objectives of Poshan 2.0 are as follows:
- To contribute to human capital development of the country.
- Address challenges of malnutrition.
- Promote nutrition awareness and good eating habits for sustainable health and wellbeing.
- Address nutrition related deficiencies through key strategies.
- AYUSH systems shall be integrated under Poshan 2.0 for wellness and nourishment.
- About 68% of the deaths of children under the age of five in India can be attributed to child and maternal malnutrition.
- This basically means that tackling malnutrition as a whole, instead of addressing one disease at a time, will keep our children much safer and make their futures brighter.
- The Poshan 2.0 scheme is in the right direction and further the implement should reach the downtrodden with minimum or no leakages.
SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT