• Recently, the final 20 MW of the 100 MW Ramagundam floating solar PV project’s commercial operation date was recently announced.
  • With this, the 100 MW Ramagundam floating solar PV project in Telangana is declared operational from 1st July 2022.
  • It is the largest project of its kind in India.

Floating Solar Panels

  • These are Photovoltaic (PV) modules mounted on platforms that float on water reservoirs, lakes, and where conditions are right seas and oceans.
  • These platforms are typically moored on calmer bodies of water, such as ponds, lakes or reservoirs.
  • These installations are relatively quick to construct, silent to run and require no land levelling or removal of vegetation.

Highlights of Ramagundam Project

  • It is endowed with advanced technology and Environment-friendly features.
  • The project spreads over 500 acres of the reservoir. Divided into 40 blocks, each having 2.5 MW.
  • Each block consists of one floating platform and an array of 11,200 solar modules.
  • The solar modules are placed on floaters manufactured with HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) material.
  • The entire floating system is anchored through special HMPE (High Modulus Polyethylene) rope to the dead weights placed in the balancing reservoir bed.
  • This project is unique in the sense that all the electrical equipment including inverter, transformer, HT panel, and SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) are also on floating Ferro cement platforms.

Environment Benefits of the Project

  • From an environmental point of view, the most obvious advantage is the minimum land requirement mostly for associated evacuation arrangements.
  • Further, with the presence of floating solar panels, the evaporation rate from water bodies is reduced, thus helping in water conservation.
  • Approximately 32.5 lakh cubic meters per year of water evaporation can be avoided.
  • The water body underneath the solar modules helps in maintaining their ambient temperature, thereby improving their efficiency and generation. Similarly, while coal consumption of 1,65,000 Tons can be avoided per year; Co2 emission of 2,10,000 tons per year can be avoided.


  • More money is required to install floating solar panels than a traditional PV system.
  • One of the main reasons is because the technology is relatively new, thus requires specialized knowledge and equipment.
  • However, as the technology advances, its installations costs are also expected to drop.
  • Many floating solar installations are large-scale, and they provide electricity to large communities, companies, or utility companies.
  • Hence, choosing rooftop installation or ground-mounted solar is more practical.
  • Developing floating solar projects requires a thorough understanding of water-bed topography and its suitability for setting up anchors for floats.


  • For months there has been an acute shortage of the key drug named Clofazimine which is used in Leprosy treatment in the private market.
  • Clofazimine, along with Rifampicin and Dapsone, is one of the three essential drugs in the Multi-Drug Treatment of Multibacillary Leprosy (MB-MDT) cases.
  • Leprosy is a chronic, progressive bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae. It primarily affects the nerves of the extremities, the skin, the lining of the nose, and the upper respiratory tract. Leprosy is also known as Hansen’s disease.
  • It produces skin ulcers, nerve damage, and muscle weakness. If it isn’t treated, it can cause severe disfigurement and significant disability.
  • It is one of the oldest diseases in recorded history.
  • It is common in many countries, especially those with tropical or subtropical climates including India.

Prevalence of Disease:

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that leprosy is endemic in several Indian states and union territories, with an annual case detection rate of 4.56 per 10,000 population.
  • India reports more than 1,25,000 new patients of leprosy every year.


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