• Recently, the Minister for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has released the book ‘Spices Statistics at a Glance 2021.
  • The book highlights the growth achieved in the production of spices and increase in area during the last seven years from 2014-15 to 2020-21 in the country.

Important points:

  • Spices are aromatic flavorings from seeds, fruits, bark, rhizomes, and other plant parts.
  • They are used to season and preserve food, and as medicines, dyes, and perfumes.
  • Spices have been highly valued as trade goods for thousands of years.
  • The word spice comes from the Latin species, which means merchandise, or wares.
  • The demand of spices has tremendously increased due to the recognition of spices as a health supplement especially during the pandemic period.
  • This can be clearly seen from the growing export of spices like turmeric, ginger, cumin, chilli etc.

Spices Production In India:

  • India is the world’s largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices.
  • Due to the varying climates – from tropical to subtropical to temperate-almost all spices grow splendidly in India.
  • In reality almost all the states and union territories of India grow one or the other spices.
  • Under the act of Parliament, a total of 52 spices are brought under the purview of the Spices Board.
  • Spices Board (Ministry of Commerce and Industry) is the flagship organization for the development and worldwide promotion of Indian spices.
  • It was established by the Spices Board Act, 1986.
  • In India, there are some states which grow the spices that have very high value in both national and international markets.
  • The best example is Kashmiri saffron which is the world’s best saffron.
  • The Kashmir saffron has got Geographical Indication (GI) tag status.


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