- Former U.S. Federal Reserve Chair Ben Bernanke, who put his academic expertise on the Great Depression to work reviving the American economy after the 2007-2008 financial crisis, won the Nobel Prize in economic sciences along with two other U.S.-based economists for their research into the fallout from bank failures.
- Bernanke was recognised on Monday along with Douglas W. Diamond and Philip H. Dybvig.
- With their findings in the early 1980s, the laureates laid the foundations for regulating financial markets, the panel said.
- “Financial crises and depressions are kind of the worst thing that can happen to the economy,”.
- “These things can happen again. And we need to have an understanding of the mechanism behind those and what to do about it. And the laureates this year provide that.
Danger of bank runs
- Bernanke, 68, who was Fed chair from early 2006 to early 2014 and is now with the Brookings Institution in Washington, examined the Great Depression of the 1930s, showing the danger of bank runs — when panicked people withdraw their savings — and how bank collapses led to widespread economic devastation.
- Diamond, 68, based at the University of Chicago, and Mr. Dybvig, 67, who is at Washington University in St. Louis, showed how government guarantees on deposits can prevent a spiraling of financial crises.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB