Prime Minister Narendra of India has unveiled a vision document for rollout of 6G communications technology in India by 2030.
What is 6G?
- Technically, 6G does not exist today.
- It has been conceived as a far superior technology promising internet speeds up to 100 times faster than 5G.
- As opposed to 5G, which at its peak can offer internet speeds up to 10 gigabits per second, 6G promises to offer ultra-low latency with speeds up to 1 terabits per second.
As per the vision document, 6G use cases will include:
- remote-controlled factories,
- constantly communicating self-driven cars and
- smart wearables taking inputs directly from human senses
India’s 6G roadmap
- The 6G project will be implemented in two phases.
- In phase one, support will be provided to explorative ideas, risky pathways and proof-of-concept tests.
- In phase two ideas and concepts that show promise and potential for acceptance by the global peer community will be adequately supported to develop them to completion, establish their use cases and benefits, and create implementational IPs and testbeds leading to commercialisation.
To fund research and innovation on 6G, the document recommended the creation of a corpus of Rs 10,000 crore to facilitate various funding instruments such as grants, loans, VC fund, fund of funds, etc. for the next 10 years.
An apex council:
The government has set up a Bharat 6G project and appointed an apex council to oversee the project and focus on issues such as:
- identification of the spectrum for 6G usage,
- create an ecosystem for devices and systems, and
- figure out finances for research and development.
The apex council will facilitate and finance research and development, design and development of 6G technologies by Indian start-ups, companies, research bodies and universities.
It will aim to:
- enable India to become a leading global supplier of intellectual property, products and solutions of affordable 6G telecom solutions and
- identify priority areas for 6G research based on India’s competitive advantages.
- A key focus of the council will be on new technologies such as Terahertz communication, radio interfaces, tactile internet, artificial intelligence for connected intelligence, new encoding methods and waveforms chipsets for 6G devices.
Current state of internet speed in India
- As the 5G rollout accelerates, India is said to have risen to 10th place in the world in average mobile speed in 2023.
- According to network intelligence and connectivity insights provider Ookla, the country has risen two places in the global rankings for overall average fixed broadband speed.
- In India, the overall fixed median download speed increased slightly from 49.14 Mbps in December to 50.02 Mbps in.
6G rollout in other countries:
- South Korea has outlined a 6G research and development plan with Rs 1200 crore worth of investments in the first phase running till 2025.
- In Japan, the Integrated Optical and Wireless Network (IOWN) Forum has published its Vision 2030 white paper for 6G.
- Key developments in 6G have also been identified and are being pursued in China.
Changes 6G is likely to bring include:
- A nano-core is expected to emerge as a common computing core that encompasses elements of Artificial Intelligence.
- The nano-core does not need to be a physical network element.
- Instead, it could encompass a logical collection of computational resources, shared by many networks and systems.
Edge and core coordination:
- 6G networks will create substantially more data than 5G networks, and computing will evolve to include coordination between edge and core platforms.
- In response to those changes, data centers will have to evolve.
6G capabilities in sensing, imaging and location determination will generate vast amounts of data that must be managed on behalf of the network owners, service providers and data owners.
SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB