• Recently, a report from the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) stated that Africa’s rare glaciers will disappear in the next two decades due to climate change.
  • Their current retreat rates are higher than the global average. If this continues, it will lead to total de-glaciation by the 2040s.
  • WMO is one of the specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN)
  • It produces annually the State of the Global Climate Report

Important points:

  • Africa is the continent that contributes least to global warming yet it is going to suffer the most.
  • While African nations contribute less than 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions, the report underscored the outsize impact that changes in the climate are having on the continent’s 1.3 billion people.
  • The last three mountain glaciers in Africa (Mount Kilimanjaro (Tanzania), Mount Kenya (Kenya) and the Ruwenzori Mountains (Uganda)) are receding at such a rapid pace that they could disappear within two decades.
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, climate change could further lower gross domestic product by up to 3% by 2050.
  • The cost of adapting to climate change in Africa will rise to $50 billion per year by 2050.
  • The Indian Ocean island nation of Madagascar is one where “famine-like conditions” have been driven by climate change.
  • The parts of South Sudan are seeing the worst flooding in almost 60 years.
  • Further, massive displacement, hunger and increasing climate shocks such droughts and flooding are expected to increase in the future.
  • This is having a major impact on disaster warnings for millions of people in Africa.

Way Forward

  • Increasing African Representation: Despite the threats ahead to the African continent, the voices of Africans have been less represented than richer regions at global climate summits like in IPCC reports.
  • Thus, there is a need to increase African participation in all multilateral climate change negotiations.


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