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LIGHT POLLUTION

A recent study has shown that the Skyglow forces dung beetles in the city to abandon the Milky Way as their compass, they rely instead on earthbound artificial lights as beacons. Important points: The Skyglow, is an omnipresent sheet of light across the night sky in and around cities that can …

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TRIBES IN TIRUPURA

People of Halam sub-tribes, who took refuge in Assam following clashes with Bru refugees in north Tripura, are returning to their village Damcherra in North district of Tripura. The Brus came to Tripura in 1997 to escape an ethnic clash in Mizoram and started staying at six relief camps in the North District. Important points: …

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GENETICALLY MODIFIED SOY SEEDS

The poultry industry is demanding a permit for the import of crushed genetically modified (GM) soy seeds for captive consumption of farmers from the Central government. Non-fiscal and fiscal relief measures which include the restructuring of term loans and additional working capital has also been demanded from the Centre and State governments. Important points: A GM or …

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ANIMAL-BASED PRODUCTS

The dairy industry has been a subject of intense debate in recent years, fueled by climate change crisis concerns worldwide as well as the advancement of various plant-based alternatives claiming to be more sustainable replacements. Important points: With the help of White Revolution, India has transitioned from a milk-deficient country to the largest producer of milk globally. The Anand …

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FOOD FORTIFICATION IMPACTS ON INDIA

Recently, a group of scientists and activists have warned the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) of the adverse impacts of Food Fortification on health and livelihoods. It is a pushback against the Centre’s plan to mandatorily fortify rice and edible oils with vitamins and minerals. In order to fight chronic anaemia and undernutrition, the government is making …

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GLOBAL FOOD CRISES REPORT

Recently, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) released a report named Hunger Hotspots – August to November 2021. The 2021 Global Food Crises Report released in May 2021 had already warned of acute food insecurity, soaring to a five-year high, pushing at least 155 million people into acute food insecurity in …

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INDIA-BANGLADESH

Recently, Bangladesh and India started regular operation of freight trains through the restored Haldibari-Chilahati rail route after over 50 years, which will strengthen railway connectivity and bilateral trade between the two countries. The Haldibari-Chilahati rail link is one such route that was operational till 1965. Another rail link, between Agartala-Akhaura, is scheduled to …

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11TH CORPS COMMANDER-LEVEL

Recently, during the 12th round of discussions between the senior military commanders of India and China to resolve the standoff in eastern Ladakh, both have agreed in principle to disengage at a key patrol point in eastern Ladakh. The 11th Corps Commander-level talks were held in April 2021, when the two sides could not even agree on a joint …

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RAPID RAIL TRANSIT SYSTEM

The Supreme Court-Appointed Committee has permitted construction of a stretch of the proposed Delhi-Alwar RRTS (Rapid Rail transit system) corridor under the Aravalli Biodiversity Park and the extended ridge area. Important points: The committee observed that the project is in public interest and since the proposed rail corridor will run 20 metres below the ground, trees will not have …

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CORE SECTORS OF INDIA

Output at India’s eight core sectors grew by 8.9% in June 2021 largely due to Base Effect but the pace remained below the production levels seen before the Covid-19 pandemic as well as its second wave. Important points: These comprise 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). The eight …

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