• The Maharashtra government started conducting soil testing at Rajapur tehsil’s Barsu village in the coastal Ratnagiri district.
  • To know if the site was suitable for the proposed multi-billion dollar Ratnagiri Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited project which is touted as the world’s largest single location refinery complex.
  • India’s oil refining capacity stood at 251.2 million metric tonnes per annum, making it the second-largest refiner in Asia and the fourth largest in the world.

Barsu refinery project

  • The project is expected to have a capacity of 60 million tonnes per annum.
  • It is a joint venture between Saudi Aramco, Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC), Indian Oil Corporation Limited, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, and Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited.
  • Besides fuel, the project also proposes to develop various downstream petrochemicals to meet India’s fast-growing petrochemical demand.
  • Initially, the project was supposed to come up at Nanar, about 20 kilometres from Barsu but due to strong opposition from the locals, environmental activists the project was denotified in 2019.


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