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The hybrid EV imperative

Context:  Hybrid EVs present a big opportunity for economically developing countries for the transition to becoming net-zero. What is net-zero for a vehicle? Net-zero for a vehicle includes emissions at both the tailpipe of the vehicle and at the power plant. Making vehicles net-zero requires cutting emissions from both new and existing vehicles. Different types of EVs What …

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ULLAS mobile application

Context: Recently a mobile application for Ullas was launched. Key details: Full Form:  The ULLAS – Understanding Lifelong Learning for All in Society Aim: To promote basic literacy. This is a user-friendly and interactive app which will serve as a digital gateway for learners to engage in diverse learning resources through the DIKSHA portal of NCERT. …

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Worldcoin

Context:  Recently, OpenAI CEO decided to formally re-introduce Worldcoin, a project of his that was eclipsed by the popularity of ChatGPT. About Worldcoin: Worldcoin is an initiative to create a digital network in which everyone can claim some kind of stake, and join the digital economy. Using a device called “Orb,” Worldcoin volunteers known as …

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Human challenge studies

Context:  Recently, the ICMR Bioethics Unit posted the consensus policy statement for the ethical conduct of controlled human infection studies (CHIS), also known as human challenge studies, in India. Key details: Traditional human clinical trials have been carried out in the country for a very long time. The inclusion of human challenge studies will …

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GOBARdhan scheme

GOBARdhan Initiative Begins Reaping Good Results & Stimulating Investments In Biogas Sector in India About the scheme: The Gobardhan scheme focuses on managing and converting cattle dung and solid waste on farms into compost, biogas, and bio-CNG. In addition to keeping the village clean, it provides additional income for farmers and cattle herders. The GOBARdhan scheme also aims to make farmers …

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Has LAC dispute been resolved, asks Cong. on Modi-Xi meeting

Why in NEWS The Opposition asked the Union government whether a consensus has been reached on the border dispute (LAC) between India and China. LAC The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is the de facto border between India and China. It is a notional demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory …

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Wang Yi pledges to ‘defend sovereignty’

China’s top diplomat Wang Yi on Friday pledged to “firmly defend” China’s sovereignty and security, in his first message after once again assuming charge as Foreign Minister in the wake of the shock removal of his predecessor. On Friday, the website showed Mr. Wang as the new Minister along with …

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CIRCULAR ECONOMY

Resource Efficiency Circular Economy Industry Coalition (RECEIC) was recently launched on the sidelines of the fourth G-20 Environment and Climate Sustainability Working Group (ECSWG) and Environment and Climate Ministers’ meeting. Circular Economy Circular Economy aims to eliminate all forms of junk from the market. Junk refers to any inefficient utilization of resources or assets. It is …

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YAMUNA FLOODPLAINS

Context:  The water levels of Yamuna hit a 60-year-high and waters advanced towards the Taj Mahal for the first time in half a century. What is a floodplain? About the River and its significance: The Yamuna is the second-largest tributary of the Ganges by discharge and the longest tributary in India. It originates in the Yamunotri …

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Mission Vatsalya Scheme

Context:  Minister of Women and Child Development informed the Rajya Sabha about Vatsalya Scheme. About the scheme: Mission Vatsalya Scheme is a roadmap to achieve development and child protection priorities aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It lays emphasis on child rights, advocacy and awareness along with strengthening of the juvenile justice care and protection …

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