CITIZENSHIP IN INDIA

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has simplified the process for Indians who want to renounce their citizenship.
  • Earlier, the Central Government issued a notificationgranting powers related to citizenship applications under existing rules to authorities of five states.

Important points:

  • Provisions have been made for applicants to upload documents online, with an upper limit of 60 days for the renunciation process to be completed.
  • Over 6.7 lakh Indians renounced their citizenship between 2015-19.
  • In 2018, MHA included a column on “circumstances/reasons due to which applicant intends to acquire foreign citizenship and renounce Indian citizenship” (under the Citizenship Rules, 2009).

Citizenship:

  • Citizenship is listed in the Union List under the Constitution and thus is under the exclusive jurisdiction of Parliament.
  • The Constitution does not define the term ‘citizen’ but details of various categories of persons who are entitled to citizenship are given in Part 2 (Articles 5 to 11).
  • Unlike other provisions of the Constitution, which came into being on 26th January, 1950, these articles were enforced on 26th November, 1949 itself, when the Constitution was adopted.

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

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