Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation, Environmental Impact Assessment.

GS-3

5.WILDLIFE CRIME CONTROL BUREAU (WCCB)

Wildlife Crime Control Bureau busts wildlife trafficking syndicates in Jammu & Kashmir.

About the Wildlife Crime Control Bureau:

  •  It is a statutory multi-disciplinary body established by the Government of India under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.
  •  It is headquartered in New Delhi with regional, sub-regional offices and border units.

Under Section 38 (Z) of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, it is mandated to:

  • Collect and collate intelligence related to organized wildlife crime activities
  • Disseminate the same to State and other enforcement agencies for immediate action so as to apprehend the criminals
  •  Establish a centralized wildlife crime data bank
  • Coordinate actions by various agencies in connection with the enforcement of the provisions of the Act
  •  Assist foreign authorities and international organization concerned to facilitate coordination and universal action for wildlife crime control
  •  Capacity building of the wildlife crime enforcement agencies for a scientific and professional investigation into wildlife crimes and assist State Governments to ensure success in prosecutions related to wildlife crimes
  •  Advise the Government of India on issues relating to wildlife crimes having national and international ramifications, relevant policy and laws
  •  It also assists and advises the Customs authorities in inspection of the consignments of flora & fauna as per the provisions of Wild Life Protection Act, CITES and EXIM Policy governing such an item.
  •  The GOI notified the Board’s formation in 2007 and it became operational in 2008.
  •  It was created based on the recommendations of the Committee on “Prevention of Illegal Trade in Wildlife and Wildlife Products” (1994) headed by Dr. S. Subramaniam.

SOURCE: PIB

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