Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management



  • Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary located in Kalahandi district and a popular tourist attraction of Odisha in India.
  • Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary is about 15 km from Bhawanipatna, the district headquarters of Kalahandi district.
  • The sanctuary covers an area of 175 square kilometres (68 sq mi).
  • It lies within the Eastern Highlands moist deciduous forestsecoregion.
  • Major plant communities include mixed deciduous forests and scrublands.
  • This sanctuary is home to many wildlife species like tiger, leopard, sambar, nilgai, barking deer, mouse deer, a wide variety of birds like green munia, Great Eared-nightjar and various reptiles

Asian Elephants:

  • There are three subspecies of Asian elephant which are the Indian, Sumatran and Sri Lankan.
  • Global Population estimated 20,000 to 40,000.
  • The Indian subspecies has the widest range and accounts for the majority of the remaining elephants on the continent.
  • There are around 28,000 elephants in India with around 25% of them in Karnataka.

IUCN Red List Status: Endangered.

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I.




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