On the Occasion of the World Teachers’ Day (5th October), the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) launched its 2021 State of the Education Report (SOER) for India: “No Teacher, No Class”.
- The findings are largely based on analysis of Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) and the Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) data (2018-19).
- It aims to serve as a reference for enhancing the implementation of the National Education Policy (NEP) and towards the realization of the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 (target 4c on teachers).
- Target 4c: By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing States.
- There are nearly 1.2 lakh single-teacher schools in the country of which an overwhelming 89% are in rural areas.
- The report projects that India needs 11.16 lakh additional teachers to meet the current shortfall.
- Tripura has the least number of women teachers, followed by Assam, Jharkhand and Rajasthan.
- Chandigarh leads the chart followed by Goa, Delhi, Kerala.
- The proportion of teachers employed in the private sector grew from 21% in 2013-14 to 35% in 2018-19.
- The Right to Education Act stipulates that the Pupil-Teacher Ratio (PTR) should be 30:1 in classes 1-5 and 35:1 in higher grades.
- The overall availability of computing devices (desktops or laptops) in schools is 22% for all India, with rural areas seeing much lower provisioning (18%) than urban areas (43%).
- Access to the internet in schools is 19% all over India – only 14% in rural areas compared to 42% in urban areas.
- For elementary schools, it has increased from 81.6 in 2001 to 93.03 in 2018-19 and stands at 102.1 in 2019-2020.
- GER is the number of students enrolled in a given level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education.
- Overall retention is 74.6% for elementary education and 59.6% for secondary education in 2019-20.
- Increase the number of teachers and improve working conditions in North Eastern states, rural areas and ‘aspirational districts’.
- Increase the number of physical education, music, art, vocational education, early childhood and special education teachers.
- Value the professional autonomy of teachers.
- Build teachers’ career pathways.
- Provide teachers with meaningful Information and Communication Technology (ICT) training.
- Develop teaching governance through consultative processes, based on mutual accountability.
SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT