Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

GS-2

CORRUPTION PERCEPTION INDEX 2020

  • India’s rank has slipped six places to 86th among 180 countries in Corruption Perception Index (CPI) released by Transparency International.
  • India was ranked 80th out of 180 countries in 2019.

Transparency International

  • Transparency International is an international non -governmental organisation founded in 1993 based in Berlin, Germany its Non profit purpose is to take action to combat global Corruption with civil societal anti-corruption measures and to prevent criminal activities arising from corruption.
  • Its most notable publications include the Global Corruption Barometer and the Corruption Perception Index.

About

  • The index ranks 180 countries and territories by the perceived level of public sector corruption according to experts and business people.
  • It uses a scale of zero (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean).
  • CPI 2020 paints a grim picture of the state of corruption worldwide. While most countries have made little to no progress in tackling corruption in nearly a decade, more than two-thirds of countries score below 50, with an average score of just 43.
  • Moreover, corruption not only undermines the global health response to Cover-19but contributes to a continuing crisis of democracy.
  • The top countries on the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) are Denmark and New Zealand, with scores of 88, followed by Finland, Singapore, Sweden and Switzerland, with scores of 85 each.
  • South Sudan and Somalia are the bottom Countries with scores of 12 each, followed by Syria (14), Yemen (15) and Venezuela (15).
  • The highest scoring region is Western Europe and the European Union with an average score of 66.
  • The lowest scoring regions are Sub-Saharan Africa (32) and Eastern Europe and Central Asia (36).

India Specific:

  • In 2020, India’s score is 40 (41 in 2019).
  • India experienced slow progress in anti-corruption efforts, with several government commitments to reform not yet materialising effectively.

 

SOURCE:PIB,ECONOMICS TIMES

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