Recently, the Supreme Court has released the Draft Model Rules for Live-Streaming and Recording of Court Proceedings.

  • The Rules are part of the National Policy and Action Plan for implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the judiciary.
  • The Rules would cover live-streaming and recording of proceedings in High Courts, lower courts and tribunals.
  • Earlier, the Chief Justice of India (CJI) launched an Artificial Intelligence (AI) based portal ‘SUPACE’ in the judicial system aimed at assisting judges with legal research.

Important points:

  • The Supreme Court in Swapnil Tripathi v Supreme Court of India (2018) had ruled in favour of opening up the apex court through live-streaming.
  •  It held that the live streaming proceedings are part of the right to access justice under Article 21 (Protection of Life and Personal Liberty) of the Constitution
  • Gujarat High Court was the first high court to livestream court proceedings followed by Karnataka high court.

Draft Rules:

All proceedings in high courts can be telecast except for cases relating to matrimonial disputes, gender-based violence, those involving minors and “cases, which in the opinion of the Bench, may provoke enmity amongst communities likely to result in a breach of law and order”.

  •  The final decision as to whether or not to allow the Live-streaming of the Proceedings or any portion thereof will be of the Bench, however, the decision of the Bench will be guided by the principle of an open and transparent judicial process.
  • The decision of the Bench shall not be justiciable.
  • The rules allow for objections to be filed against live streaming in specific cases at the stage of filing of the case or at a later stage.
  • The draft rules allow for archiving of court proceedings for six months.
  • The use of authorised recordings in their original form may be permitted by the court, inter-alia to disseminate news and for training, academic and educational purposes.
  • Discussion amongst judges, notes made by judges during hearings or communication between the advocate and her client will neither be telecast live nor archived.
  • The rules also prohibit recording or sharing the telecast on media platforms, including social media and messaging platforms, unless authorised by the court.
  • Recordings will not be used for commercial, promotional purposes or advertising in any form.
  •  It can make the justice delivery system affordable, transparent, speedy and accountable by limiting the paper filings.
  • It can be time saving and hence can reduce the backlog of pending cases and reduce the number of unscrupulous activities.


  • Lack of technical manpower in courts and awareness amongst litigants, advocates and their acceptance to the system change.
  • A huge concern will be the cyber security threat.
  • The live streaming of the Courts are susceptible to abuses. Thus, issues of privacy may arise.
  •  Infrastructure, especially the internet connectivity is also a big challenge in implementing the live proceedings of Courts.

Way Forward

  • There is a need for the deployment of a robust security system that provides secure access to case information for appropriate parties.
  • Further, the government needs to identify and develop the infrastructure that would be required to support the e-court project.
  • Solutions that will address the challenges such as inordinate delays in disposal of cases in courts, facilitating access to speedy resolution of commercial disputes by economic operators, making the justice system user friendly and affordable to all and improving the quality of legal aid services in the country would be imperative to drive the functioning of e-courts.


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