Modern Indian History From About the Middle of the Eighteenth Century Until the Present- Significant Events, Personalities, Issues.  

GS-3

 6.LALA LAJPAT RAI

Recently, the Prime Minister paid tribute to LalaLajpat Raion his Jayanti. LalaLajpat Rai’s birth anniversary is celebrated on 28 of january every year.

About:

  • La laLajpat Rai was one of the greatest freedom fighters of India.
  • He was also called ‘Punjab Kesari’ and ‘Lion of Punjab’.
  • He studied lawat the Government College, Lahore.
  • Was influenced by Swami Dayananda Saraswatiand joined the Arya Samajin Lahore.
  • He believed that the ideals in Hinduism combined with nationalism will lead to the establishment of a secular state.
  • Along with Bipin Chandra Pal and Bal GangadharTilak, he formed the Lal-Bal-Paltrio of extremist leaders.
  • He was also involved with the Hindu Mahasabha.
  • He fought against untouchability.

 Birth:

He was born on 28 January, 1865in a small village named Dhudike in Punjab’s Ferozepur district.

Contributions:

  • He joined the Indian National Congress (INC)and participated in many political agitations in Punjab.
  • For his political agitation, he was deported to Burma without trial in 1907but returned after a few months because of lack of evidence.
  • He was opposed to the partition of Bengal.
  • He founded the Home Rule League of America in 1917in New York.
  • In the USA, he worked to get moral support for the Indian independence movement from the international community.
  • He was also elected President of the All India Trade Union Congress.
  • He supported the non-cooperation movementof Gandhi at the Nagpur session of the Congress in 1920.
  • He protested againstthe Rowlatt Actand the JallianwalaBaghmassacrethat followed.
  • He was elected deputy leaderof the Central Legislative Assembly in 1926.
  • In 1928, he moved a resolution in the assembly refusing cooperation with the Simon Commissionsince the Commission had no Indianmembers.
  • He founded Hindu Relief movement in 1897to provide help to the famine -stricken people and thus preventing them falling into the clutches of the missionaries.
  • He founded the Servants of People Society in 1921.
  • His important literary works include Young India, England’s Debt to India, Evolution of Japan, India’s Will to Freedom, Message of the Bhagavad Gita,Political Future of India, Problem of National Education in India, The Depressed Glasses, and the travelogue ‘United States of America’.
  • He founded several institutions and organizations such as Hisar Bar Council, HisarArya Samaj, Hisar Congress, National DAV Managing Committee.
  • He was the editor of the Arya Gazette,which he had founded.
  • He co-founded the Punjab National Bank in 1894.

Death:

In 1928, he was leading a silent protest against the Simon Commissionin Lahore when he was brutally lathi-charged by Superintendent of Police,James Scott.He died of injuries sustained a few weeks later.

SOURCE: PIB

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