PASSEX

  • Indian naval ships will join maritime patrol and other aircraft to participate in a Passage Exercise or PASSEX with the US Navy’s Ronald Reagan Carrier Strike Group during its transit through Indian Ocean Region (IOR).
  • A passage exercise is normally undertaken whenever an opportunity arises, in contrast to pre-planned maritime drills.
  • Earlier, the Indian Navy had also conducted similar PASSEXs with the Japanese Navy and the French Navy.

Important points:

  • Indian Naval Ships Kochi and Teg along with P8I (maritime patrol aircraft) and (Indian ship based) MiG 29K aircraft are participating in the PASSEX.
  • The Indian Naval warships along with aircraft from Indian Navy and Indian Air Force (IAF) will be engaged in joint multi-domain operations with the US Carrier Strike Group.
  • The exercise is in the IAF’s Southern Air Command’s area of responsibility and the IAF forces will include Jaguars, Sukhoi-30 MKI fighters, Air-to-Air Refueller aircraft, Airborne Warning And Control System (AWACS) and Airborne Early Warning and Control (AEW&C).
  • High tempo operations during the exercise include advanced air defence exercises, cross deck helicopter operations and anti-submarine exercises.

Impact:

  • It underscores the shared values as partner navies, in ensuring commitment to an open, inclusive and a rule-based international order.
  • It will enhance aspects of interoperability, nuances of international integrated maritime search and rescue operations and exchange of best practices in the maritime airpower domain.
  • The exercise comes a week after the Indian defence minister called for an open and inclusive order in the Indo-Pacific region, including the South China Sea at the 8th ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting (ADMM) Plus Meeting.
  • The Indian Navy is carrying out round-the-clock surveillance in the IOR, which, it believes, China will inevitably try to enter in its quest to become a global power, just as it has laid claim to large portions of the disputed South China Sea.

India-US Joint Exercises:

  1. Vajra Prahar (Army).
  2. Yudh Abhyas (Army).
  3. Cope India (Air Force).
  4. Red Flag (USA’s multilateral air exercise).
  5. Malabar Exercise (trilateral naval exercise of India, USA and Japan).

SOURCE: THE HINDU,THE ECONOMIC TIMES,MINT

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