SURGE IN GLOBAL TEMPERATURES

According to World Meteorological Organization (WMO) updates lobal temperatures are likely to surge to record levels in the next five years, fuelled by heat-trapping greenhouse gases and a naturally occurring El Nino event.

Details:

  • The World Meteorological Organization is the United Nations System’s authoritative voice on Weather, Climate and Water.
  • For the first time ever, global temperatures are now more likely to breach 1.5°C (2.7°F) of warming within the next five years.
  • It is near certain that 2023-2027 will be the warmest five-year period ever recorded, because of the combined effect of greenhouse gases and EL Nino.
  • 2016 was the warmest year ever recorded.
  • There is a 98% chance of at least one in the next five years beating the temperature record set in 2016, When there was an exceptionally strong El Niño.
  • There are 66% chances that annual global surface temperatures will exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels for at least one of the years 2023-2027.
  • A warming EL Nino is expected in the coming months that will combine with the human induced climate change to push global temperatures into unchartered territory.
  • The return to normal levels might take thousands year because we already have a high concentration of carbon dioxide and other green house gases in our atmosphere.

SOURCE: THE HINDU, THE ECONOMIC TIMES, PIB

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