• The Centre plans to issue a 14-digit identification number to every plot of land in the country within a year’s time.
  • The Unique Land Parcel Identification Number (ULPIN) scheme has been launched in 10 States in the year 2021 and will be rolled out across the country by March 2022.

Important points:

  • Being described as “the Aadhaar for land”, it is a number that would uniquely identify every surveyed parcel of land and prevent land fraud, especially in the hinterlands of rural India, where land records are outdated and often disputed.
  • The identification will be based on the longitude and latitude coordinates of the land parcel, and is dependent on detailed surveys and geo-referenced cadastral maps.
  • This is the next step in the Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme (DILRMP), which began in 2008.
  • Proper land statistics and land accounting through ULPIN will help develop land banks and lead towards Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS).


  • Benefits are to ensure uniqueness in all transactions and keep the land records always up-to-date.
  • A link of all property transactions will get established.
  • Delivery of citizen services of land records through the single window.
  • Sharing of land records data across departments, financial institutions and all stakeholders.
  • Digital India Land Records Modernisation Programme
  • It is a Central Sector scheme that has been extended up to 2020-21 at a total cost of Rs. 950 crores.
  • The Department of Land Resources (Ministry of Rural development) has proposed a further extension to 2023-24, to complete its original targets as well as expand its ambit with a slew of new schemes.
  • It attempts to build upon the commonalities that exist in the arena of land records in various States to develop an appropriate Integrated Land Information Management System (ILIMS) across the country, on which different States can also add State-specific needs as they may deem relevant and appropriate.
  • The system will contain information on parcel ownership, land use, taxation, location boundaries, land value, encumbrances and many more.
  • New initiatives have been taken under the program like the National Generic Document Registration System (NGDRS), ULPIN, linking of revenue court to land records, integration of consent based Aadhar numbers with land records etc.
  • It is aimed at providing one Nation one software for registration of documents & properties to ’empower citizens’.
  • DILRMP’s next phase will include linkage of land record databases with banks.
  • This will enhance the service deliveries to the citizens of the country and will also function as inputs to the schemes of the other sectors like Agriculture, Finance, Disaster Management etc.


  • Carl Bildt has been appointed as WHO Special Envoy for the Access to Covid-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-Accelerator).
  • The ACT-Accelerator is a groundbreaking global collaboration to accelerate development, production, and equitable access to Covid-19 tests, treatments and vaccines.


  • It was launched in the month of April, 2020 at an event co-hosted by the Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), the President of France, the President of the European Commission, and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
  • It brings together governments, scientists, businesses, civil society, and philanthropists and global health organizations.
  • The participants include the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, CEPI, Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics (FIND), Gavi, The Global Fund, Unitaid, Wellcome Trust (London), the WHO and the World Bank
  • It aims to end the pandemic, restore full societal and economic activity globally and facilitate high-level control of Covid-19 disease.
  • Diagnostics, treatment, vaccines and health system strengthening.
  • Each pillar is vital to the overall effort and involves innovation and collaboration.
  • COVAX is one of four pillars of the ACT Accelerator.
  • It is an effort to ensure that people in all corners of the world will get access to Covid-19 vaccines, regardless of their wealth.
  • The initial aim is to have 2 billion doses available by the end of 2021, which should be enough to protect high risk and vulnerable people, as well as frontline healthcare workers.
  • It is co-led by Gavi, the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) and the World Health Organisation (WHO), working in partnership with vaccine manufacturers of developed and developing countries.

India’s Role:

  • India has started shipping Covid-19 vaccines to Africa under the COVAX facility.
  • Earlier, Serum Institute of India (SII) had received funds from Gavi and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation to double its supply of Covid-19 vaccines (200 million doses) to India and other poorer countries as part of the Gavi COVAX facility.

Significance of ACT-Accelerator:

  • It is a crucial time for ACT-Accelerator when the world is rolling out vaccines against Covid-19, introducing new diagnostics and scaling up life-saving oxygen and corticosteroids for severe disease.
  • It will help in addressing the uneven distribution of vaccines globally and the emergence of new variants of concern.


  • Corticosteroids are a class of drug that lowers inflammation in the body. They also reduce immune system activity.
  • Corticosteroids ease swelling, itching, redness, and allergic reactions, thus used in the treatment of diseases like asthma, arthritis, lupus, allergies etc.
  • Corticosteroids resemble cortisol, a hormone naturally produced by the body’s adrenal glands. The body needs cortisol to stay healthy.
  • Cortisol is a major player in a wide range of processes in the body, including metabolism, immune response, and stress.


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