Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States

GS-2

INTENSIFIED MISSION INDRADHANUSH 3.0 SCHEME

Recently, the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 scheme has been rolled out to cover children and pregnant women who missed routine immunisation during the Covid- 19 pandemic.

About the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 Scheme:

  • To reach the unreached population with all the available vaccines under Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) and thereby accelerate the full immunization and complete immunization coverage of children and pregnant women.
  • It will have two rounds this year which will be conducted in 250 preidentifieddistricts/urban areas across 29 States/UTs.
  • The districts have been classified to reflect 313 low ris k, 152 medium risk and 250 high risk districts.
  • Beneficiaries from migration areas and remote areas would be targeted as they may have missed their vaccine doses during the pandemic.
  • It will foster India’s march towards the Sustainable Development Goals.

Universal Immunization Programme:

  • The Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as ‘Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • In 1985, the Programme was modified as ‘Universal Immunization Programme (UIP)’.

Objectives of the Programme:

  1. Rapidly increasing immunization coverage,
  2. Improving the quality of services,
  3. Establishing a reliable cold chain system to the health facility level,
  4. Introducing a district-wise system for monitoring of performance, and
  5. Achieving self-sufficiency in vaccine production.

Mission Indradhanush:

  • To fully immunize more than 89 lakh children who are either unvaccinated or partially vaccinated under UIP.
  • Targets children under 2 years of age and pregnant women for immunization.
  • Provides vaccination against 12 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (VPD) i.e. diphtheria, Whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, meningitis and pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae type B infections, Japanese encephalitis (JE), rotavirus vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and measles-rubella (MR).
  • However, Vaccination against Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenzae type B is being provided in selected districts of the country.

SOURCE:PIB, THE HINDU

 

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