INTENSIFIED MISSION INDRADHANUSH 3.0 SCHEME
Recently, the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 scheme has been rolled out to cover children and pregnant women who missed routine immunisation during the Covid- 19 pandemic.
About the Intensified Mission Indradhanush (IMI) 3.0 Scheme:
- To reach the unreached population with all the available vaccines under Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) and thereby accelerate the full immunization and complete immunization coverage of children and pregnant women.
- It will have two rounds this year which will be conducted in 250 preidentifieddistricts/urban areas across 29 States/UTs.
- The districts have been classified to reflect 313 low ris k, 152 medium risk and 250 high risk districts.
- Beneficiaries from migration areas and remote areas would be targeted as they may have missed their vaccine doses during the pandemic.
- It will foster India’s march towards the Sustainable Development Goals.
Universal Immunization Programme:
- The Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as ‘Expanded Programme of Immunization (EPI) by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
- In 1985, the Programme was modified as ‘Universal Immunization Programme (UIP)’.
Objectives of the Programme:
- Rapidly increasing immunization coverage,
- Improving the quality of services,
- Establishing a reliable cold chain system to the health facility level,
- Introducing a district-wise system for monitoring of performance, and
- Achieving self-sufficiency in vaccine production.
- To fully immunize more than 89 lakh children who are either unvaccinated or partially vaccinated under UIP.
- Targets children under 2 years of age and pregnant women for immunization.
- Provides vaccination against 12 Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (VPD) i.e. diphtheria, Whooping cough, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, hepatitis B, meningitis and pneumonia, Haemophilus influenzae type B infections, Japanese encephalitis (JE), rotavirus vaccine, pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) and measles-rubella (MR).
- However, Vaccination against Japanese Encephalitis and Haemophilus influenzae type B is being provided in selected districts of the country.
SOURCE:PIB, THE HINDU