• The world’s largest and most inclusive environmental decision-making forum ‘IUCN World Conservation Congress 2020’ (postponed from June 2020 to September 2021) is being held in Marseille, France.
  • It took critical policy decisions to address conservation priorities including the ongoing biodiversity crisis.
  • The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) conducts the World Conservation Congress which is held every four years in a different location around the globe. The first was conducted in the United States in 1948.

International Union for Conservation of Nature

  • It is a membership union uniquely composed of both government and civil society organisations.
  • Created in 1948, it is the global authority on the status of the natural world and the measures needed to safeguard it.
  • It is headquartered in Switzerland.
  • The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, is the world’s most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species.

Important points:

  • It calls for the secure recognition and respect for collective indigenous rights and governance of lands, territories, waters, coastal seas and natural resources.
  • It was developed by IUCN’s Indigenous Peoples Organisation Members.
  • It lays out 10 high-level proposals and outcomes relating to five themes: Indigenous governance; biodiversity conservation; climate action; post-Covid-19 recovery efforts and food security; and global policy setting.
  • of Species on Nine Categories: The updated Red List says that despite global improvement at the species level, the number of species that are at high risk continues to grow.
  • Some 902 species are officially extinct. 30% of the species that it assessed (138,374) face the threat of extinction.
  • Some 80 species are extinct in the wild, 8,404 are critically endangered, 14,647 are endangered, 15,492 are vulnerable and 8,127 are near threatened.
  • Some 71,148 species are of least concern, while 19,404 are data deficient.
  • The ninth category is ‘Not Evaluated’ – species not assessed by the IUCN.


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