Daily Archives: July 8, 2024

National Emergency in India

On June 25, 2024, India marked fifty years since the National Emergency (1975-1977), a period characterized by the suspension of civil liberties, restricted press freedom, widespread arrests, and postponed elections. The Aftermath of the National Emergency in India (1975) Political Transformation The 1977 elections saw four major opposition parties merge …

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Brain-Eating Amoeba

Context Recently, three deaths have been reported in Kerala due to the rare and fatal infection known as primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). Primary Amoebic Meningoencephalitis (PAM) Cause: PAM is caused by Naegleria fowleri, an amoeba that thrives in warm freshwater environments such as lakes, ponds, rivers, and poorly maintained swimming …

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Fakir Shah Hussain and Madho Lal

Context The story of Sufi saint Fakir Shah Hussain, who fell in love with a Brahmin boy named Madho Lal, is celebrated during Pride Month. Fakir Shah Hussain (1538-1599) Orthodox Beginnings: Initially, Hussain followed Orthodox Islam but later shifted his beliefs, viewing the world as an ephemeral playground. Union of …

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Ban on Chloramphenicol and Nitrofurans

Context The Drugs Consultative Committee (DCC) has recommended a complete ban on importing, distributing, and selling chloramphenicol and nitrofurans for use in food animal production systems. Background In 2019, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) banned colistin, a last-resort antibiotic listed as a critically important antimicrobial by the …

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