Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein

GS-2 URBAN LOCAL BODIES REFORMS Goa becomes the 6th State to complete Urban Local Bodies (ULB) reforms. DETAILS: Goa has become the 6th State in the country to successfully undertake Urban Local Bodies (ULB) reforms stipulated by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance. Thus, the State has become eligible to mobilise …

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Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate

GS-2 MALABAR NAVAL EXERCISES The Malabar series of exercises began as an annual bilateral naval exercise between India and the US in 1992 Japan joined the Naval Exercises in Malabar 2020 saw the participation of the Australian Navy also. The Malabar Naval exercises enhanced synergy, interoperability and coordination between the …

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Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

GS-2 GOBARDHAN SCHEME Union Ministers jointly launch Unified Portal of Gobardhan to promote Gobardhan scheme and track real time progress. ABOUT GOBARDHAN SCHEME: The Gobardhan Scheme (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources – DHAN) was launched by the Ministry of Jal Shakti. It is being implemented as part of the Swachch Bharat Mission (Gramin). The …

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Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

GS-2 LCA TEJAS About: The Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) programme was started by the Government of India in 1984 when they established the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) to manage the LCA programme. It replaced the ageing Mig 21 fighter planes. Designed by: Aeronautical Development Agency under the Department of Defence Research and Development. Manufactured by State-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL). Features: The lightest, …

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Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability

GS-2 1.INDIA FALLS TO 53RD POSITION IN EIU’S DEMOCRACY INDEX IMPORTANT POINTS: India was ranked 51st in the 2019 Democracy Index. India slipped two places to 53rd position in the 2020 Democracy Index’s global ranking, according to The Economist Intelligence Unit, which said the “democratic backsliding” by authorities and “crackdowns” …

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