The country has 18 percent of the world’s population, but only 4 percent of its water resources, making it among the most water-stressed in the world. World Bank report suggests 163 million Indians lack access to safe drinking water while 21% of communicable diseases are linked to unsafe water.

Even then, groundwater is overwhelmingly the mode of choice for both agriculture and drinking in India, with 94% of all irrigation and 85% of drinking water needs sourced through groundwater.


  • High population
  • Lack of efficient regulations
  • Over utilization of groundwater
  • Leakage in water management schemes
  • Regional disparity in water distribution
  • Misuse of water resources by industries


  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (Abhy)
    1. National Groundwater Management Improvement Program for India
    2. Help villagers understand their water availability and usage patterns so they can budget their water use accordingly
  • National Rural Drinking Water Programme
    1. ensuring the sustainability of water availability in terms of adequacy, affordability, portability, convenience and equity
    2. goal of increasing coverage of sustainable Piped Water Supply.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission
    1. initiative to provide Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC), to every rural household
    2. implemented through institutional mechanism at four levels- National, State, District, and Gram Panchayat

  • Har Ghar Jal
    1. Aim: to take piped, potable water to every rural household in India under its flagship Jal Jeevan Mission
    2. As of September 2023, the dashboard of the Har Ghar Jal claims 13 crore households, or about 67% of the targeted households, have been provided with water connections.
    3. Besides making women’s lives easier, piped water connections also mean reducing individual dependence on groundwater.
    4. A major challenge transporting water to villages sprawled across hundreds of kilometres is leakage.


  • Training in practices for reducing damage to groundwater sources
  • Teaching farmers updated irrigation techniques such as drip irrigation
  • Monitor implementation of schemes on ground
  • Modern sanitation policies that both conserve and properly utilizes water resources

Other NEWS

Rubber Board to increase area under rubber in Northeast States Rubber Board

  • Mo Commerce and Industries
  • Statutory body under-the Rubber Act 1947
  • Chairman appointed by the Central Government.
National Judicial Data Grid
  • The NJDG portal is a national repository of data relating to cases instituted, pending and disposed of by the courts across the length and breadth of the country.
  • NJDG is based on the ‘open data policy’
Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) in 2020
  • the immense potential of the Blue Economy
  • Address critical gaps in the fisheries value chain from fish production, productivity and quality to technology, post-harvest infrastructure and marketing.
  • key strategic priority areas:
    1. marine fisheries
    2. inland fisheries
    3. fishermen’s welfare
    4. infrastructure and post-harvest management
    5. cold water fisheries
    6. ornamental fisheries
    7. aquatic health management
    8. sea weed cultivation
Midday meal Scheme(PM Poshan Scheme)

  • Ministry of Education.
  • first introduced in 1925 for disadvantaged children in Madras Municipal Corporation.
  • centrally sponsored scheme on a pilot basis in 1995 for children in Classes 1 to 5.
  • National Food Security Act (NFSA), 2013.

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Context: The ‘State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World’ by FAO: 2021 India …

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