Dispute in this region is mainly based on maritime and island claims between different sovereign states.

Parties involved

  • China, Brunei, Taiwan, Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia
  • Chinese claims in South China Sea described as Nine-dash lines (Originally eleven-dashed-lines) first indicated by Kuomintang Govt of Republic of China – 1947.
  • People’s Republic of China (Communist Party of China) revised and adopted it as Nine-dash-line
  • Geneva Accords 1954 gave South Vietnam control of territories south of 17th Parallel, which included Paracels and Spratlys. North Vietnam supported China’s claims while South Vietnam had control over it.


  • Main cause – claim of different territories over the Sea and Territorial demarcation of the sea
  • Major source of natural resources.
  • Source of 10% of country’s fishery – essential source of food
  • Claims on islands and rocks – hinders trade through the waterways, which as it may lead to seizing of ships.
  • Overlap of EEZ


  • Disruption of trade and economic activities as it is a vital trade route (20% – 30% of total volume of global trade)
  • Diversion of goods destined to US (West coast) and Asia from Europe, Middle East and Africa around South of Australia. This would add shipping cost.
  • Disputes between the contesting countries will create a security threat for other nations.

India’s role

  • Urged the contending parties to resolve the dispute through peaceful means and follow international law including UNCLOS.
  • Affirmed the importance of safeguarding maritime security in South China Sea as Malacca Strait opens to South China Sea.
  • Agree and find middle path through agreement
  • Limiting their Special Economic Zones by following UNCLOS
  • Allowing adjudication by a Neutral party like India<

Other NEWS

Age of consent under POCSO must remain
  • currently 18 years
  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act
  • The 22nd Law Commission- submitted its report- to the Law Ministry- the POCSO Act, 2012 to remedy the situation in cases involving tacit approval, though not consent under law, on the part of children aged between 16 and 18 years.
President grants assent to women’s reservation Bill
  • President has given her assent to the women’s reservation Bill
  • to provide 33% reservation to women in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies
  • Though it was introduced in the Lok Sabha as the Constitution (128th Amendment) Bill, it will be now known as the Constitution (106th Amendment) Act as some proposed constitutional amendments are yet to be passed
Electoral bonds to go on sale from October 4
  • From October 4 to 13 at all authorised branches of the State Bank of India.
  • to cleanse the system of political funding in the country

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