Dispute in this region is mainly based on maritime and island claims between different sovereign states.
- China, Brunei, Taiwan, Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia
- Chinese claims in South China Sea described as Nine-dash lines (Originally eleven-dashed-lines) first indicated by Kuomintang Govt of Republic of China – 1947.
- People’s Republic of China (Communist Party of China) revised and adopted it as Nine-dash-line
- Geneva Accords 1954 gave South Vietnam control of territories south of 17th Parallel, which included Paracels and Spratlys. North Vietnam supported China’s claims while South Vietnam had control over it.
- Main cause – claim of different territories over the Sea and Territorial demarcation of the sea
- Major source of natural resources.
- Source of 10% of country’s fishery – essential source of food
- Claims on islands and rocks – hinders trade through the waterways, which as it may lead to seizing of ships.
- Overlap of EEZ
- Disruption of trade and economic activities as it is a vital trade route (20% – 30% of total volume of global trade)
- Diversion of goods destined to US (West coast) and Asia from Europe, Middle East and Africa around South of Australia. This would add shipping cost.
- Disputes between the contesting countries will create a security threat for other nations.
- Urged the contending parties to resolve the dispute through peaceful means and follow international law including UNCLOS.
- Affirmed the importance of safeguarding maritime security in South China Sea as Malacca Strait opens to South China Sea.
- STEPS TO RESOLVE
- Agree and find middle path through agreement
- Limiting their Special Economic Zones by following UNCLOS
- Allowing adjudication by a Neutral party like India<
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