India-Maldives Relations

Why in NEWS

New party elected in Maldives can change the view of India Maldives relations.

Geographical Importance

Both the Maldives and Sri Lanka are India’s key maritime neighbours in the Indian Ocean Region and occupy a special place in the Prime Minister’s vision of ‘SAGAR’ (Security and Growth for All in the Region) and  ‘Neighbourhood First’.

India has aided the Maldives on

  • Operation Cactus in 1988
  • Providing humanitarian relief during the 2004 tsunami
  • Providing drinking water during the 2014 water crisis

India has also implemented several community development projects in the Maldives

  • The National College for Policing and Law Enforcement (NCPLE)
  • A drug detoxification and rehabilitation centre in Addu
  • 20 other projects in areas such as healthcare, education, fisheries, tourism, sports, and culture.

India’s Relations with Maldives

  • Security Partnership
    • Joint Exercises – “Ekuverin”, “Dosti”, “Ekatha” and “Operation Shield” (begun in 2021).
    • India provides nearly 70% of their defence training requirements to the Maldivian National Defence Force (MNDF)
  • Rehabilitation Centre
    • A drug detoxification and rehabilitation centre in Addu built with Indian assistance.
  • Economic Cooperation
    • Tourism is the mainstay of Maldivian economy.
    • The country is now a major tourist destination for some Indians and a job destination for others
  • Infrastructure Projects
    • Hanimaadhoo International Airport Development project
    • In 2022, the National College for Policing and Law Enforcement (NCPLE)- NCPLE is the largest grant project executed by India in Maldives.

Challenges in India Maldives Relations

  • Political Instability- the impact of political instability in the neighbourhood on its security and development.
  • Radicalisation- This gives rise to the possibility of Pakistan based terror groups using remote Maldivian islands as a launch pad for terror attacks against India and Indian interests.
  • China AngleString of Pearls– Given the uncertain dynamics of Sino-Indian relations, China’s strategic presence in the Maldives remains a concern.

Other NEWS

Over 9.2 lakh sites host cleanliness drive; PM appeals for swachhata
  • The one-hour cleanliness drive, organised to mark Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary.
  • It is all about that Swachh and Swasth Bharat (clean and healthy India) vibe
  • 22,000 market areas, 10,000 water bodies, 7,000 bus stands/toll plazas, 1,000 gaushalas, 300 zoos and wildlife areas and various other locations in rural and urban India
No copyright claim on public service videos
  • The Prasar Bharati does not make copyright claims on any public service content, which includes the parliamentary proceedings reproduced
  • Prasar Bharti has sent notices to YouTubers invoking copyright on it. This is wrong. Parliamentary proceedings are national assets of historical value.

 

A quiz on Mahatma Gandhi 

Question 1 

In his autobiographical reflections, Gandhi writes about how as a young student  in school, he was the only one in his class to get the spelling of a word wrong as  he had refused to copy the correct one from his neighbour, in a spelling exercise  conducted by a school inspector. What was that five-letter word? 

Question 2 

One of the first associations that Gandhi became a member of, in 1890, was  because of the influence of social reformer, writer and pacifist Henry Salt. Name  the association. 

Question 3 

On September 11, 1906, at a mass protest meeting held at Johannesburg, Gandhi  adopted a form of protest for the first time, to agitate against a promulgation by  the Transvaal government to compulsorily register all Indian and Chinese  populations. What was this protest later called? 

Question 4 

After his return from South Africa to India in 1915, what was the only occasion  on which Gandhi travelled outside (colonial) India before his death in 1948?  Which former editor of The Hindu acted as Gandhi’s secretary during this  occasion? 

Question 5 

One of Gandhi’s final acts as a satyagrahi before his death was his heroic effort  to stop the communal violence that had gripped many parts of north and east India  in the run-up to and after the Partition of the country. Name the place he was  staying in Calcutta (it is now called Gandhi Bhawan) when India won  independence on August 15, 1947.

Over 9.2 lakh sites host cleanliness drive; PM appeals for swachhata •The one-hour cleanliness drive, organised to mark Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary.

• It is all about that Swachh and Swasth Bharat (clean and healthy India) vibe

• 22,000 market areas, 10,000 water bodies, 7,000 bus stands/toll plazas, 1,000 gaushalas, 300 zoos and wildlife areas and various other locations in rural and urban India

No copyright claim on public service videos • The Prasar Bharati does not make copyright claims on any public service content, which includes the parliamentary proceedings reproduced

• Prasar Bharti has sent notices to YouTubers invoking copyright on it. This is wrong. Parliamentary proceedings are national assets of historical value.

 

 

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