Syllabus: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Why in NEWS
India’s first Unmanned Aerial Systems (Drone) Common Testing Centre under Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme (DTIS) will be established in Tamil Nadu
The testing centre would enable the State to be a significant contributor to the self-reliance of the country in the aerospace and defence sectors.
Unmanned Aerial Systems
- Unmanned aerial systems (UAS), commonly known as drones, are aircraft without a human pilot on board.
- They are controlled either autonomously by onboard computers or by a remote pilot on the ground or in another vehicle.
UASs are used for a variety of purposes, including:
- Military: for surveillance, reconnaissance, and targeting
- Commercial: for photography, videography, and delivery
- Industrial: for inspection, surveying, and mapping
- Agriculture: for crop monitoring and spraying
- Public safety: for search and rescue, disaster relief, and law enforcement
- Recreation: for hobby flying and racing
UASs come in a variety of sizes and shapes, from small, lightweight drones that can fit in the palm of your hand to large, heavy-duty drones that can carry significant payloads. They can be powered by a variety of sources, including gasoline, electric batteries, or solar energy.
Here are some of the benefits of using UASs:
- They can be used in dangerous or inaccessible areas.
- They can collect data that would be difficult or impossible to collect by other means.
- They can be operated remotely, which can reduce risk to human operators.
- They are relatively inexpensive to operate.
Here are some of the challenges of using UASs:
- They can be a hazard to aircraft and people.
- They can be used for illegal or malicious purposes.
- They can be difficult to regulate.
- They can interfere with telecommunications and other infrastructure.
Overall, UASs are a powerful tool with a wide range of potential applications. However, it is important to be aware of the risks and challenges associated with their use.